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Kwiatkowski, S.

Paper Title Page
TUPMN115 Creating a Pseudo Single Bunch at the ALS 1182
  • G. J. Portmann, K. M. Baptiste, W. Barry, J. Julian, S. Kwiatkowski, L. Low, D. W. Plate, D. Robin
    LBNL, Berkeley, California
  Funding: This work was supported by U. S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098.

Typically storage ring light sources operate with the maximum number of bunches as possible with a gap for ion clearing. By evenly distributing the beam current the overall beam lifetime is maximized. The Advanced Light Source (ALS) has 2 nanoseconds between the bunches and typically operates with 276 bunches out of a possible 328. For experimenters doing timing experiment this bunch separation is too small and would prefer to see only one or two bunches in the ring. In order to provide more flexible operations and substantially increase the amount of operating time for time-of-flight experimenters, it is being proposed to kick one bunch on a different vertical closed orbit. By spatially separating the light from this bunch from the main bunch train in the beamline, one could potentially have single bunch operation all year round. By putting this bunch in the middle of the ion clearing gap the required bandwidth of the kicker magnets is reduced. Using one kicker magnet running at the ring repetition rate (1.5 MHz), this bunch could be permanently put on a different closed orbit. Using multiple kicker magnets, this bunch could be locally offset at an arbitrary frequency.

WEPMN115 Results of the ALS Booster Ring RF System Upgrade for Top-Off Mode of Operation 2307
  • K. M. Baptiste, P. W. Casey, S. Kwiatkowski, CA. Timossi
    LBNL, Berkeley, California
  Funding: Supported by the U. S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098.

ALS, one of the first third generation synchrotron light sources which has been operating since 1992 at Berkeley Lab has been upgraded from its present operation scenario of injecting the 1.5GeV electron beam from the Booster ring into the Storage ring every 8 hours where it is accelerated to the final energy of 1.9GeV to full energy (1.9GeV) injection from the Booster ring into the Storage ring every 3 seconds for filling and every 30-35 seconds for Top-Off mode. Additionally the beam current has been increased from the time averaged value of 250mA to 500mA to increase the brightness. In this paper we will present the results of the new ALS injector RF system set-up for Top-Off mode of operation, the final design and operational results of the Booster RF power source and control system upgrades.

THPMN117 Design of a VHF-band RF Photoinjector with MegaHertz Beam Repetition Rate 2990
  • J. W. Staples, K. M. Baptiste, J. N. Corlett, S. Kwiatkowski, S. M. Lidia, J. Qiang, F. Sannibale, K. G. Sonnad, S. P. Virostek, R. P. Wells
    LBNL, Berkeley, California
  Funding: This work is supported by the Director, Office of Science, High Energy Physics, U. S. Dept. of Energy under Contract no. DE-AC02-05CH1121

New generation accelerator-based X-ray light sources require high quality beams with high average brightness. Normal conducting L- and S-band photoinjectors are limited in repetition rate and D-C (photo)injectors are limited in field strength at the cathode. We propose a low frequency normal-conducting cavity, operating at 50 to 100 MHz CW, to provide beam bunches at a rate of one MegaHertz or more. The photoinjector uses a re-entrant cavity structure, requiring less than 100 kW CW, with a peak wall power density less than 10 W/cm2. The cavity will support a vacuum down to 10 picoTorr, with a load-lock mechanism for easy replacement of photocathodes. The photocathode can be embedded in a magnetic field to provide correlations useful for flat beam generation. Beam dynamics simulations indicate that normalized emittances on the order of 1 mm-mrad are possible with gap voltage of 750 kV, with fields up to 20 MV/m at the photocathode, for 1 nanocoulomb charge per bunch after acceleration and emittance compensation. Long-bunch operation (10's of picosecond) is made possible by the low cavity frequency, permitting low bunch current at the 750 kV gap voltage.

TUPMS003 Status of the Top-off Upgrade of the ALS 1197
  • C. Steier, B. J. Bailey, K. M. Baptiste, W. Barry, A. Biocca, W. E. Byrne, M. J. Chin, R. J. Donahue, R. M. Duarte, M. P. Fahmie, J. Gath, S. R. Jacobson, J. Julian, J.-Y. Jung, S. Kwiatkowski, S. Marks, R. S. Mueller, H. Nishimura, J. W. ONeill, S. Prestemon, D. Robin, S. L. Rossi, F. Sannibale, T. Scarvie, D. Schlueter, D. Shuman, G. D. Stover, CA. Timossi, T. Warwick, J. M. Weber, E. C. Williams
    LBNL, Berkeley, California
  Funding: This work was supported by the Director, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, U. S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231.

The Advanced Light Source is currently being upgraded for top-off operation. This major facility upgrade will provide an improvement in brightness from soft x-ray undulators of about one order of magnitude and keep the ALS competitive with the newest intermediate energy light sources. Major components of the upgrade include making the booster synchrotron capable of full energy operation, radiation safety studies, improvements to interlocks and collimation systems, diagnostics upgrades as well as emittance improvements in the main storage ring. The project status will be discussed as well as results of major parts of the commissioning.