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Koutchouk, J.-P.

Paper Title Page
MOPAN073 Parametric Study of Heat Deposition from Collision Debris into the Insertion Superconducting Magnets for the LHC Luminosity Upgrade 323
  • C. Hoa, F. Cerutti, J.-P. Koutchouk, G. Sterbini, E. Y. Wildner
    CERN, Geneva
  • F. Broggi
    INFN/LASA, Segrate (MI)
  With a new geometry in a higher luminosity environment, the power deposition in the superconducting magnets becomes a critical aspect to analyze and to integrate in the insertion design. In this paper, we quantify the power deposited in magnets insertion at variable positions from the interaction point (IP). A fine characterization of the debris due to the proton-proton collisions at 7 TeV, shows that the energetic particles in the very forward direction give rise to non intuitive dependences of the impacting energy on the magnet front face and inner surface. The power deposition does not vary significantly with the distance to the interaction point, because of counterbalancing effects of different contributions to power deposition. We have found out that peak power density in the magnet insertion does not vary significantly with or without the Target Absorber Secondaries (TAS) protection.  
MOPAN084 Estimating Field Quality in Low-beta Superconducting Quadrupoles and its Impact on Beam Stability 353
  • E. Todesco, B. Bellesia, J.-P. Koutchouk
    CERN, Geneva
  • C. Santoni
    Universite Blaise Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand
  Funding: We acknowledge the support of the European Community-Research Infrastructure Activity under the FP6 "Structuring the European Research Area" program (CARE, contract number RII3-CT-2003-506395)

The aim of this analysis is to study if the field quality in a large aperture low-beta superconducting quadrupole for the LHC upgrade limits the beam performances due to increased geometric aberrations. Random field errors in superconducting quadrupoles are usually estimated by computing the effect of a random positioning of the coil blocks around the nominal position with an r.m.s. of 0.05 mm. Here, we review the experience acquired in the construction of 7 superconducting quadrupoles in the RHIC and in the LHC projects to estimate the precision in the block positioning, showing that there is no visible dependence on the magnet aperture. Different magnet models are then used to estimate the expected field quality in quadrupoles with apertures ranging from 50 to 200 mm. The impact on geometrical aberrations and scaling laws for their dependence on the aperture are finally evaluated.

TUPAS095 Experiments with a DC Wire in RHIC 1859
  • W. Fischer, N. P. Abreu, R. Calaga, G. Robert-Demolaize
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York
  • U. Dorda, J.-P. Koutchouk, F. Zimmermann
    CERN, Geneva
  • A. C. Kabel
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California
  • H. J. Kim, T. Sen
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  • J. Qiang
    LBNL, Berkeley, California
  Funding: Work supported by U. S. DOE under contract No DE-AC02-98CH1-886.

A DC wire has been installed in RHIC to explore the long-range beam-beam effect, and test its compensation. We report on experiments that measure the effect of the wire's electro-magnetic field on the beam's lifetime and tune distribution, and accompanying simulations.

THPAN072 A Concept for the LHC Luminosity Upgrade Based on Strong Beta* Reduction Combined with a Minimized Geometrical Luminosity Loss Factor 3387
  • E. Todesco, R. W. Assmann, J.-P. Koutchouk, E. Metral, G. Sterbini, F. Zimmermann, R. de Maria
    CERN, Geneva
  A significant increase of the LHC beam current touches physics limits as collective effects, electron-cloud, heat load, collimation and machine protection. We propose an upgrade scheme mainly based on a stronger focusing, with a beta* of 10 cm, requiring a triplet quadrupole aperture of around 130 mm. The performance is further improved if the triplet is based on the Nb3Sn technology. In the present baseline, this beta* reduction provides a negligible luminosity increase: this approach requires a drastic action to minimize the crossing angle, while the beam separation at the long-range encounters has to be increased. This is provided by an early separation scheme made of small dipoles inside the detectors. Optionally, a small angle crab cavity scheme may totally suppress the residual crossing angle. The quadrupole aperture is calculated to allow a larger gap for the collimator, suppressing their impedance limitation. This concept offers high performance while significantly reducing the risks associated to a beam current increase; it opens as well new issues that deserve further studies, such as the dipole integration in the detector, and the correction of the triplet aberrations.  
THPAN074 Space-Charge Compensation Options for the LHC Injector Complex 3390
  • F. Zimmermann, M. Aiba, M. Chanel, U. Dorda, R. Garoby, J.-P. Koutchouk, M. Martini, E. Metral, Y. Papaphilippou, W. Scandale
    CERN, Geneva
  • G. Franchetti
    GSI, Darmstadt
  • V. D. Shiltsev
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  Space-charge effects have been identified as the most serious intensity limitation in the CERN PS and PS booster, on the way towards ultimate LHC performance and beyond. We here explore the application of several previously proposed space-compensation methods to the two LHC pre-injector rings, for each scheme discussing its potential benefit, ease of implementation, beam-dynamics risk, and the R&D programme required. The methods considered include tune shift and resonance compensation via octupoles, nonlinear chromaticity, or electron lenses, and beam neutralization by an electron cloud, plasma or negative ions.