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Hovater, C.

Paper Title Page
MOOAAB03 High Power Operation of the JLab IR FEL Driver Accelerator 83
  • S. V. Benson, K. Beard, G. H. Biallas, J. Boyce, D. B. Bullard, J. L. Coleman, D. Douglas, H. F.D. Dylla, R. Evans, P. Evtushenko, C. W. Gould, A. C. Grippo, J. G. Gubeli, D. Hardy, C. Hernandez-Garcia, C. Hovater, K. Jordan, J. M. Klopf, R. Li, S. W. Moore, G. Neil, M. Poelker, T. Powers, J. P. Preble, R. A. Rimmer, D. W. Sexton, M. D. Shinn, C. Tennant, R. L. Walker, G. P. Williams, S. Zhang
    Jefferson Lab, Newport News, Virginia
  Funding: This work supported by the Off. of Naval Research, the Joint Technology Off., the Commonwealth of Virginia, the Air Force Research Lab, Army Night Vision Lab, and by DOE Contract DE-AC05-060R23177.

Operation of the JLab IR Upgrade FEL at CW powers in excess of 10 kW requires sustained production of high electron beam powers by the driver ERL. This in turn demands attention to numerous issues and effects, including: cathode lifetime; control of beamline and RF system vacuum during high current operation; longitudinal space charge; longitudinal and transverse matching of irregular/large volume phase space distributions; halo management; management of remnant dispersive effects; resistive wall, wake-field, and RF heating of beam vacuum chambers; the beam break up instability; the impact of coherent synchrotron radiation (both on beam quality and the performance of laser optics); magnetic component stability and reproducibility; and RF stability and reproducibility. We discuss our experience with these issues and describe the modus vivendi that has evolved during prolonged high current, high power beam and laser operation.

slides icon Slides  
WEPMS060 A Digital Self Excited Loop for Accelerating Cavity Field Control 2481
  • C. Hovater, T. L. Allison, J. R. Delayen, J. Musson, T. E. Plawski
    Jefferson Lab, Newport News, Virginia
  Funding: Notice: Authored by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under U. S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177.

We have developed a digital process that emulates an analog oscillator and ultimately a self excited loop (SEL) for field control. The SEL, in its analog form, has been used for many years for accelerating cavity field control. In essence the SEL uses the cavity as a resonant circuit – much like a resonant ?tank? circuit is used to build an oscillator. An oscillating resonant circuit can be forced to oscillate at different, but close, frequencies to resonance by applying a phase shift in the feedback path. This allows the circuit to be phased locked to a master reference, which is crucial for multiple cavity accelerators. For phase and amplitude control the SEL must be forced to the master reference frequency, and feedback provided for in both dimensions. The novelty of this design is in the way digital signal processing (DSP) is structured to emulate an analog system. While the digital signal processing elements are not new, to our knowledge this is the first time that the digital SEL concept has been designed and demonstrated. This paper reports on the progress of the design and implementation of the digital SEL for field control of superconducting accelerating cavities.

WEPMS065 CEBAF New Digital LLRF System Extended Functionality 2490
  • T. E. Plawski, T. L. Allison, G. K. Davis, H. Dong, C. Hovater, K. King, J. Musson
    Jefferson Lab, Newport News, Virginia
  Funding: JSA/DOE Contract - DE-AC05-06OR23177

The new digital LLRF system for the CEBAF 12GeV accelerator will perform a variety of tasks, beyond field control.* In this paper we present the superconducting cavity resonance control system designed to minimize RF power during gradient ramp and to minimize RF power during steady state operation. Based on the calculated detuning angle, which represents the difference between reference and cavity resonance frequency, the cavity length will be adjusted with a mechanical tuner. The tuner has two mechanical driving devices, a stepper motor and a piezo-tuner, to yield a combination of coarse and fine control. Although LLRF piezo processing speed can achieve 10 kHz bandwidth, only 10 Hz speed is needed for 12 GeV upgrade. There will be a number of additional functions within the LLRF system; heater controls to maintain cryomodule's heat load balance, ceramic window temperature monitoring, waveguide vacuum interlocks, ARC detector interlock and quench detection. The additional functions will be divided between the digital board, incorporating an Altera FPGA and an embedded EPICS IOC. This paper will also address hardware evolution and test results performed with different SC cavities.

*RF Control Requirements for the CEBAF Energy Upgrade Cavities, C. Hovater, J. Delayen, L. Merminga, T. Powers, C. Reece, Proceedings 2000 Linear Accelerator Conference, Monterey, CA , August 2000