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Ferracin, P.

Paper Title Page
MOPAS027 Energy Deposition Studies of Block-Coil Quadrupoles for the LHC Luminosity Upgrade 491
  • N. V. Mokhov, V. Kashikhin, M. Monville
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
  • P. Ferracin, G. L. Sabbi
    LBNL, Berkeley, California
  Funding: Work supported by the Director, Office of Science, U. S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC02-05CH11231.

At the LHC upgrade luminosity of 1035 cm-2 s-1, collision product power in excess of a kW is deposited in the inner triplet quadrupoles. The quadrupole field sweeps secondary particles from pp-collisions into the superconducting coils, concentrating the power deposition at the magnetic mid-planes. The local peak power density can substantially exceed the conductor quench limits and reduce component lifetime. Under these conditions, block-coil geometries may result in overall improved performance by removing the superconductor from the magnetic mid-planes and/or allowing increased shielding at such locations. First realistic energy deposition simulations are performed for an interaction region based on block-coil quadrupoles with parameters suitable for the LHC upgrade. Results are presented on 3-D distributions of power density and accumulated dose in the inner triplet components as well as on dynamic heat loads on the cryogenic system. Optimization studies are performed on configuration and parameters of the beam pipe, cold bore and cooling channels. The feasibility of the proposed design is discussed.