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Title Investigation of Thermal Instabilities in the ALBA Cooling System, Based on Numerical Simulations and Experimental Measurements
  • F. Hernández
    ESEIAAT, Terrassa, Spain
  • E. Ayas, J.J. Casas, C. Colldelram, Ll. Fuentes, J. Iglesias, M. Quispe
    ALBA-CELLS Synchrotron, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain
Abstract This paper presents an investigation into the thermal instability problems that currently affect the ALBA Cooling System. During these periods of instabilities, which occur for a few hours every week of operation, there are deviations up to +1.5 °C, concerning the nominal temperature of 23 ± 0.2 °C in the four rings of ALBA: Service Area, Booster, Storage and Experimental Hall. This problem has a direct impact on the quality of the beam of the Accelerator. Previous studies have preliminarily concluded that the causes of this problem are due to (1) thermohydraulic anomalies in the operation of the external cogeneration plant, which supplies cold water to ALBA, and (2) cavitation problems in the pumping system (the water mass flow has been reduced to 67% of its nominal value to temporarily mitigate the cavitation). In order to confirm these hypotheses and propose solutions to the problem, an investigation has been developed making use of one-dimensional thermohydraulic simulations, performing Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) studies, statistical evaluations of data taken from our control system, and systematic flow measurements in critical areas, with ultrasonic flowmeters. As a result of this research, a set of solutions and recommendations are finally proposed to solve this problem.
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Conference MEDSI2020
Series Mechanical Engineering Design of Synchrotron Radiation Equipment and Instrumentation (11th)
Location Chicago, IL, USA
Date 24-29 July 2021
Publisher JACoW Publishing, Geneva, Switzerland
Editorial Board Yifei Jaski (ANL, Lemont, IL, USA); Patric Den Hartog (ANL, Lemont, IL, USA); Kelly Jaje (ANL, Lemont, IL, USA); Volker R.W. Schaa (GSI, Darmstadt, Germany)
Online ISBN 978-3-95450-229-5
Online ISSN 2673-5520
Received 22 July 2021
Accepted 05 November 2021
Issue Date 09 November 2021
DOI doi:10.18429/JACoW-MEDSI2020-TUPB05
Pages 153-155
Creative Commons CC logoPublished by JACoW Publishing under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 International license. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s), the published article's title, publisher, and DOI.