A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z    

Kuwahara, M.

Paper Title Page
MOP76 Ultra-High-Vacuum Problem for 200 keV Polarized Electron Gun with NEA-GaAs Photocathode 201
  • T. Nakanishi, F. Furuta, M. Kuwahara, K. Naniwa, S. Okumi, M. Yamamoto, N. Yamamoto, K. Yasui
    DOP Nagoya, Nagoya
  • H. Kobayakawa, Y. Takashima
    DOE Nagoya, Nagoya-City
  • M. Kuriki, H. Matsumoto, M. Yoshioka
    KEK, Ibaraki
  For a polarized electron source based on photoemission from GaAs, a NEA (Negative Electron Affinity) surface makes an indispensable role to extract polarized electrons in conduction band into vacuum. The NEA surface is also considered as a best surface to provide a beam with a minimum initial beam-emittance. However, the NEA surface state is realized by a mono-layer of electric dipole moment (that is Ga(-)-Cs(+)) formed at the surface and thus it is easily degraded by
  1. desorption of harmful residual gas,
  2. desorption of harmful gas created by field emission from HV-cathodes and
  3. ion back-bombardment.
In order to reduce the effects of (a) and (c), extremely good UHV is required. Presently total pressure of 4·10-12 torr and respective partial pressures of 3·10-13 torr and 4·10-13 torr for H2O and CO2 were achieved at our gun chamber. Field emission dark current must be extremely suppressed to reduce the effect of (c). The maximum field gradient of 7.8 MV/m is applied for electrode envelope (3.0 MV/m for cathode surface) at 200 kV DC bias-voltage, but total dark current was suppressed below 1 nA for our electrodes. The NEA lifetime under these conditions will be reported at the conference.
THP23 An Electrode With Molybdenum-Cathode and Titanium-Anode to Minimize Field Emission Dark Currents 645
  • T. Nakanishi, F. Furuta, T. Gotou, M. Kuwahara, K. Naniwa, S. Okumi, M. Yamamoto, N. Yamamoto, K. Yasui
    DOP Nagoya, Nagoya
  • H. Matsumoto, M. Yoshioka
    KEK, Ibaraki
  • K. Togawa
    RIKEN Spring-8 Harima, Hyogo
  A systematic study to minimize field emission dark currents from high voltage DC electrode has been continued. It is clearly demonstrated that much lower field emissions observed for Molybdenum (Mo) and Titanium (Ti) in comparison to Stainless-steel and Copper. Furthermore, by analyzing gap-length dependence data of the dark current from Mo and Ti, we can find a method to separate the primary field emission currents (FEC) from secondary induced currents (SIC). The latter currents will be created by possible bombardments of metal surface of anode or cathode by electrons or positive ions, respectively. From this data analysis, it is suggested that Mo is suitable for cathode due to its smallest FEC, and Ti is adequate for anode due to relatively small SIC. This prediction was confirmed by our experiment using a pair of Mo and Ti electrode, which showed the total dark current is suppressed below 1 nA at 105 MV/m applied for an area of 7 mm2 with a gap-length of 1.0 mm. Therefore this Mo-Ti electrode seems useful for a high field gradient DC gun, especially for a GaAs-photocathode gun using an NEA (Negative Electron Affinity) surface.  
THP24 Highly Polarized Electrons from GaAs-GaAsP and InGaAs-AlGaAs Strained Layer Superlattice Photocathodes 648
  • T. Nakanishi, F. Furuta, M. Kuwahara, K. Naniwa, T. Nishitani, S. Okumi, N. Yamamoto, K. Yasui
    DOP Nagoya, Nagoya
  • H. Horinaka, T. Matsuyama
    OPU, Osaka
  • H. Kobayakawa, Y. Takashima, Y. Takeda, O. Watanabe
    DOE Nagoya, Nagoya-City
  GaAs-GaAsP strained layer superlattice photocathode has been developed for highly polarized electron beams. This cathode achieved a maximum polarization of 92% with a quantum efficiency of 0.5%. Criteria for achieving the highest polarization together with high quantum efficiency using superlattice photocathodes are discussed based on experimental spin-resolved quantum efficiency spectra of GaAs-AlGaAs, InGaAs-AlGaAs and GaAs-GaAsP superlattice structures.