A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z    

Kuriki, M.

Paper Title Page
MOP76 Ultra-High-Vacuum Problem for 200 keV Polarized Electron Gun with NEA-GaAs Photocathode 201
  • T. Nakanishi, F. Furuta, M. Kuwahara, K. Naniwa, S. Okumi, M. Yamamoto, N. Yamamoto, K. Yasui
    DOP Nagoya, Nagoya
  • H. Kobayakawa, Y. Takashima
    DOE Nagoya, Nagoya-City
  • M. Kuriki, H. Matsumoto, M. Yoshioka
    KEK, Ibaraki
  For a polarized electron source based on photoemission from GaAs, a NEA (Negative Electron Affinity) surface makes an indispensable role to extract polarized electrons in conduction band into vacuum. The NEA surface is also considered as a best surface to provide a beam with a minimum initial beam-emittance. However, the NEA surface state is realized by a mono-layer of electric dipole moment (that is Ga(-)-Cs(+)) formed at the surface and thus it is easily degraded by
  1. desorption of harmful residual gas,
  2. desorption of harmful gas created by field emission from HV-cathodes and
  3. ion back-bombardment.
In order to reduce the effects of (a) and (c), extremely good UHV is required. Presently total pressure of 4·10-12 torr and respective partial pressures of 3·10-13 torr and 4·10-13 torr for H2O and CO2 were achieved at our gun chamber. Field emission dark current must be extremely suppressed to reduce the effect of (c). The maximum field gradient of 7.8 MV/m is applied for electrode envelope (3.0 MV/m for cathode surface) at 200 kV DC bias-voltage, but total dark current was suppressed below 1 nA for our electrodes. The NEA lifetime under these conditions will be reported at the conference.