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Title Proton Linac Design for the High Brilliance Neutron Source HBS
  • M. Schwarz, M. Droba, K. Kümpel, S. Lamprecht, O. Meusel, N.F. Petry, H. Podlech
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  • J. Baggemann, Th. Brückel, T. Gutberlet, E. Mauerhofer, U. Rücker, A. Schwab, P. Zakalek
    JCNS, Jülich, Germany
  • J. Li
    IEK, Jülich, Germany
  • C. Zhang
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
Abstract Due to the decommissioning of several reactors, only about half of the neutrons will be available for research in Europe in the next decade despite the commissioning of the ESS. High-Current Accelerator-driven Neutron Sources (HiCANS) could fill this gap. The High Brilliance Neutron Source (HBS) currently under development at Forschungszentrum Jülich is scalable in terms of beam energy and power due to its modular design. The driver linac will accelerate a 100 mA proton beam to 70 MeV. The linac is operated with a beam duty cycle of up to 13.6 % (15.3 % RF duty cycle) and can simultaneously deliver three pulse lengths (208 µs, 833 µs and 2 ms) for three neutron target stations. In order to minimize the development effort and the technological risk, state-of-the-art technology of the MYRRHA injector is used. The HBS linac consists of a front end (ECR source, LEBT, 2.5 MeV double RFQ) and a CH-DTL section with 44 room temperature CH-cavities. All RF structures are operated at 176.1 MHz and are designed for high duty cycle. Solid-state amplifiers up to 500 kW are used as RF drivers. Due to the beam current and the high average beam power of up to 952 kW, particular attention is paid to beam dynamics. In order to minimize beam losses, a quasi-periodic lattice with constant negative phase is used. This paper describes the conceptual design and the challenges of a modern high-power and high-current proton accelerator with high reliability and availability.
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Conference IPAC2022
Series International Particle Accelerator Conference (13th)
Location Bangkok, Thailand
Date 12-17 June 2022
Publisher JACoW Publishing, Geneva, Switzerland
Editorial Board Frank Zimmermann (CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland); Hitoshi Tanaka (RIKEN, Hyogo, Japan); Porntip Sudmuang (SRLI, Nakhon, Thailand); Prapong Klysubun (SRLI, Nakhon, Thailand); Prapaiwan Sunwong (SRLI, Nakhon, Thailand); Thakonwat Chanwattana (SRLI, Nakhon, Thailand); Christine Petit-Jean-Genaz (CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland); Volker R.W. Schaa (GSI, Darmstadt, Germany)
Online ISBN 978-3-95450-227-1
Online ISSN 2673-5490
Received 08 June 2022
Revised 09 June 2022
Accepted 16 June 2022
Issue Date 11 July 2022
DOI doi:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2022-MOPOST016
Pages 90-93
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