Author: Iadarola, G.
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MOPOR022 Beam Dynamics Observations of the 2015 High Intensity Scrubbing Runs at the Cern Sps 648
  • H. Bartosik, G. Iadarola, K.S.B. Li, L. Mether, A. Romano, G. Rumolo, M. Schenk
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  Beam quality degradation caused by e-cloud effects has been identified as one of the main performance limitations for high intensity LHC beams with 25 ns bunch spacing in the SPS. In view of the beam parameters targeted with the LHC injectors upgrade (LIU) project, about two weeks of SPS machine time in 2015 were devoted to dedicated scrubbing runs with high intensity LHC 25 ns and dedicated 'doublet' beams in order to study the achievable reduction of e-cloud effects and quantify the consequent beam performance improvements. This paper describes the main observations concerning the coherent instabilities and beam dynamics limitations encountered as well as a detailed characterisation of the performance reach with the highest beam intensity presently available from the pre-injectors.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2016-MOPOR022  
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TUPMB048 Compensation of Beam Induced Effects in LHC Cryogenic Systems 1205
  • B. Bradu, E. Blanco Viñuela, G. Ferlin, B. Fernández Adiego, G. Iadarola, P. Plutecki, E. Rogez, A. Tovar González
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  This paper presents the different control strategies deployed in the LHC cryogenic system in order to compensate the beam induced effects in real-time. LHC beam is inducing important heat loads along the 27 km of beam screens due to synchrotron radiations, image current and electron clouds. These dynamic heat loads disturb significantly the cryogenic plants and automatic compensations are mandatory to operate the LHC at full energy. The LHC beam screens must be maintained in an acceptable temperature range around 20 K to ensure a good beam vacuum, especially during beam injections and energy ramping where the dynamic responses of cryogenic systems cannot be managed with conventional feedback control techniques. Consequently, several control strategies such as feed-forward compensation have been developed and deployed successfully on the machine during 2015 where the beam induced heat loads are forecast in real-time to anticipate their future effects on cryogenic systems. All these developments have been first entirely modeled and simulated dynamically to be validated, allowing then a smooth deployment during the LHC operation.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2016-TUPMB048  
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TUPMW016 Effect of the LHC Beam Screen Baffle on the Electron Cloud Buildup 1454
  • A. Romano, G. Iadarola, K.S.B. Li, G. Rumolo
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  Funding: Research supported by the High Luminosity LHC project
Electron Cloud (EC) has been identified as one of the major intensity-limiting factors in the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Due to the EC, an additional heat load is deposited on the perforated LHC beam screen, for which only a small cooling capacity is available. In order to preserve the superconducting state of the magnets, pumping slots shields were added on the outer side of the beam screens. In the framework of the design of the beam screens of the new HL-LHC triplets, the impact of these shields on the multipacting process was studied with macroparticle simulations. For this purpose multiple new features had to be introduced in the PyECLOUD code. This contribution will describe the implemented simulation model and summarize the outcome of this study.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2016-TUPMW016  
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TUPMW017 Electron Cloud Observations during LHC Operation with 25 ns Beams 1458
  • K.S.B. Li, H. Bartosik, G. Iadarola, L. Mether, A. Romano, G. Rumolo, M. Schenk
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  While during the Run 1 (2010-2012) of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) most of the integrated luminosity was produced with 50 ns bunch spacing, for the Run 2 start-up (2015) it was decided to move to the nominal bunch spacing of 25 ns. As expected, with this beam configuration strong electron cloud effects were observed in the machine, which had to be mitigated with dedicated 'scrubbing' periods at injection energy. This enabled to start the operation with 25 ns beams at 6.5 TeV, but e-cloud effects continued to pose challenges while gradually increasing the number of circulating bunch trains. This contribution will review the encountered limitations and the mitigation measures that where put in place and will discuss possible strategies for further performance gain.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2016-TUPMW017  
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