Author: Honda, Y.
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TUPOW036 Recent Developments and Operational Status of the Compact ERL at KEK 1835
  • T. Obina, M. Adachi, S. Adachi, T. Akagi, M. Akemoto, D.A. Arakawa, S. Araki, S. Asaoka, M. Egi, K. Enami, K. Endo, S. Fukuda, T. Furuya, K. Haga, K. Hara, K. Harada, T. Honda, Y. Honda, H. Honma, T. Honma, K. Hosoyama, K. Hozumi, A. Ishii, X.J. Jin, E. Kako, Y. Kamiya, H. Katagiri, R. Kato, H. Kawata, Y. Kobayashi, Y. Kojima, Y. Kondo, T. Konomi, A. Kosuge, T. Kume, T. Matsumoto, H. Matsumura, H. Matsushita, S. Michizono, T. Miura, T. Miyajima, H. Miyauchi, S. Nagahashi, H. Nakai, H. Nakajima, N. Nakamura, K. Nakanishi, K. Nakao, K.N. Nigorikawa, T. Nogami, S. Noguchi, S. Nozawa, T. Ozaki, F. Qiu, H. Sagehashi, H. Sakai, S. Sakanaka, S. Sasaki, K. Satoh, Y. Seimiya, T. Shidara, M. Shimada, K. Shinoe, T. Shioya, T. Shishido, M. Tadano, T. Tahara, T. Takahashi, R. Takai, H. Takaki, T. Takenaka, O. Tanaka, Y. Tanimoto, N. Terunuma, M. Tobiyama, K. Tsuchiya, T. Uchiyama, A. Ueda, K. Umemori, J. Urakawa, K. Watanabe, M. Yamamoto, N. Yamamoto, Y. Yamamoto, Y. Yano, M. Yoshida
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • R. Hajima, M. Mori, R. Nagai, N. Nishimori, M. Sawamura, T. Shizuma
    QST, Tokai, Japan
  • M. Kuriki
    Hiroshima University, Graduate School of Science, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan
  The Compact Energy Recovery Linac (cERL) at KEK is a test accelerator in order to develop key components to realize remarkable ERL performance as a future light source. After the beam commissioning in December 2013, the legal current limit has been increased step-by-step like 1 uA, 10 uA, and 100 uA. Survey for the source of beam losses has been conducted in each step, and the study on beam dynamics and tuning has also been carried out. As a next step, 1 mA operation is scheduled in February 2016. In parallel to the increase in beam current, a laser Compton scattering (LCS) system which can provide high-flux X-ray to a beamline has been successfully commissioned. We report recent progress in various kinds of beam tuning: improvement of electron gun performance, high bunch charge operation, mitigation of beam losses, LCS optics tuning and bunch compression for THz radiation.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2016-TUPOW036  
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TUPOW038 Measurement and Control of Beam Losses Under High Average-current Operation of the Compact ERL at KEK 1839
  • S. Sakanaka, K. Haga, Y. Honda, H. Matsumura, T. Miyajima, T. Nogami, T. Obina, H. Sagehashi, M. Shimada, M. Yamamoto
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  The compact ERL (cERL)* is a superconducting accelerator aimed at demonstrating excellent ERL technologies for the future light source. The cERL comprises a 5 MeV injector, a main linac, and a recirculation loop. In the cERL, production and transportation of low-emittance and high average-current beams (tentative goals: 1 mm-mrad and 10 mA) is primarily important. At this moment (in December 2015), beam currents of up to 80 uA (CW) have successfully been transported through the recirculation loop at a beam energy of 20 MeV. Before such high-current operations, we carefully tuned up the machine so that beam losses became very small. The beam losses were watched using fast beam-loss detectors and radiation monitors while absolute losses were estimated from measured radiation levels on the roof of the shield. After careful beam-optics corrections and elimination of beam halos / tails at low-energy section, we achieved the beam losses of at most a few nA level at several locations along the loop, and those below 1 nA elsewhere in the loop. We will report these results together with the result of higher-current operation which is planned early in 2016.
* S. Sakanaka et al., IPAC'15, TUBC1; T. Obina et al., to be presented at IPAC'16.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2016-TUPOW038  
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TUPOW046 Development and Upgrade Plan of an X-ray Source Based on Laser Compton Scattering in Laser Undulator Compact X-ray Source(LUCX) 1867
  • M.K. Fukuda, S. Araki, Y. Honda, N. Terunuma, J. Urakawa
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • M. Kageyama, M. Kuribayashi
    Rigaku Corporation, XG & Core Technology, Tokyo, Japan
  • A. Momose, M.P. Olbinado, Y. Wu
    Tohoku University, Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Sendai, Japan
  • K. Sakaue
    Waseda University, Waseda Institute for Advanced Study, Tokyo, Japan
  • M. Washio
    RISE, Tokyo, Japan
  Funding: This work was supported by Photon and Quantum Basic Research Coordinated Development Program from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan.
We have been developing a compact X-ray source based on Laser Compton scattering(LCS) at Laser Undulator Compact X-ray source(LUCX) accelerator in KEK. Our aim is to obtain a clear X-ray image in a shorter period of times and the target number of X-ray is 1.7x107 photons/pulse with 10% bandwidth. In the accelerator, an electron beam with the energy of 18-24 MeV is generated by an S-band normal conducting accelerator. The beam is collided with a laser pulse stacked in a 4-mirror planar optical cavity and then 6-10 keV X-rays are generated by LCS. Presently, the generation of X-rays with the number of 3x106 photons/pulse at the collision point has been achieved. X-ray imaging test such as refraction contrast images and phase contrast imaging with Talbot interferometer has also started. To increase the intensity of X-rays, we are continuing the tuning of the electron beam and the optical cavity because the exposure time of X-ray imaging is too long now. We are also planning to increase the beam energy by appending the accelerating tube. In this conference, the recent results and upgrade plan in LUCX will be reported.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2016-TUPOW046  
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WEPOW020 Present Status of KEK Photon Factory and Future Project 2871
  • T. Honda, M. Adachi, S. Asaoka, K. Haga, K. Harada, Y. Honda, X.J. Jin, T. Kageyama, R. Kato, Y. Kobayashi, K. Marutsuka, T. Miyajima, H. Miyauchi, S. Nagahashi, N. Nakamura, K.N. Nigorikawa, T. Nogami, T. Obina, M. Ono, T. Ozaki, H. Sagehashi, H. Sakai, S. Sakanaka, H. Sasaki, Y. Sato, M. Shimada, T. Shioya, M. Tadano, T. Tahara, T. Takahashi, R. Takai, H. Takaki, O. Tanaka, Y. Tanimoto, K. Tsuchiya, T. Uchiyama, A. Ueda, K. Umemori, K. Watanabe, M. Yamamoto, N. Yamamoto, Ma. Yoshida, S.I. Yoshimoto
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  Two synchrotron radiation sources of KEK, the PF-ring and the PF-AR, continue their user operation with various improvements. Scrap and build of the first generation undulators of 1980s at the PF-ring is pushed forward year by year. Five new elliptically polarized undulators have been installed in these five years, and we have also installed four very narrow-gap short-period undulators generating high brilliant X-ray. The new beam transport line that enables the 6.5-GeV full energy injection for PF-AR will be completed by the end of 2016 in order to make the top-up operation of the two SR sources compatible with the continuous injection for two main rings of the Super-KEKB. We have proposed a project of further upgrade of the 2.5-GeV PF-ring to improve its horizontal emittance as 8 nm rad using combined bending magnets at the arc sections. And we are also moving ahead on proposal of constructing a new KEK light source of an extremely low emittance as 0.3 nm rad. The progress and detail of our future project will be described in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2016-WEPOW020  
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WEPOY010 Bunch Compression at the Recirculation Loop of the Compact ERL 3008
  • M. Shimada, K. Harada, Y. Honda, T. Miyajima, N. Nakamura, T. Obina, R. Takai, A. Ueda
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  The compact Energy Recovery Linac (cERL) has been operated as a test facility for the future light-source since 2013. One of the targets of the beam commissioning of this winter is demonstration of bunch compression. The bunch has energy chirp in longitudinal direction by off crest acceleration and the bunch length is compressed in non-isochronous arc section. The short electron bunch is spread in the return arc to suppress the energy spread at the main beam dump. Four sextupole magnets were installed in two arcs in November 2015 to correct the squared term induced by RF curvature. The best position was determined by the beam tracking by elegant including Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR) wake. The bunch length is measured by OTR in the south straight section just after the first arc. We present the demonstration of the bunch compression in this report.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2016-WEPOY010  
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THPOW007 Cs2Te Photocathode Response Time Measurements and Femtosecond Comb Electron Beam Generation as a Milestone Towards Pre-Bunched Thz Fel Realization 3941
  • A. Aryshev, Y. Honda, K. Lekomtsev, M. Shevelev, N. Terunuma, J. Urakawa
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  Funding: Photon and Quantum Basic Research Coordinated Development Program from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan and JSPS KAKENHI: 23226020 and 24654076
Currently there is a rapidly growing demand to increase the brightness of electron beams generated by conventional RF guns as well as to decrease the cost of the injector accelerator system for many research facilities worldwide. To address this demand we investigate one of the most important parameter of the high Q.E. conventional semiconductor Cs2Te photocathode, its response time. It sets the principle limitation for generated bunch length and hence maximum achievable beam brightness of electron diffraction and pre-bunched THz FEL facility's injectors. The experimental investigation was done at KEK: LUCX facility. The Cs2Te photocathode response time better than 250 fs was demonstrated. The generation of 4 micro-bunch comb electron beam with variable time separation as a crucial technology for pre-bunched THz FEL realization was achieved.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2016-THPOW007  
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THPOW008 DC Photoemission Gun Upgrade at the Compact ERL 3944
  • N. Nishimori, R. Hajima, R. Nagai
    JAEA, Ibaraki-ken, Japan
  • Y. Honda, T. Miyajima, T. Uchiyama, M. Yamamoto
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • M. Mori
    JAEA/Kansai, Kyoto, Japan
  Funding: This work is partially supported by a JSPS Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research in Japan (15H03594).
The DC photoemission gun at the compact ERL (cERL) has stably provided beam for ERL commissioning and laser Compton scattering experiments since April 2013. The operational voltage has however been limited to 390 kV due to failures of two segments out of the ten segmented insulator. In order to recover 500 kV operation, we installed an additional two segmented insulator on the existing ten segmented insulator during summer shutdown in 2015. The details of the gun upgrade and the operational experience of the upgraded cERL gun will be presented.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2016-THPOW008  
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