Author: Giachino, R.
Paper Title Page
WEOCA01 Operation of the LHC with Protons at High Luminosity and High Energy 2066
  • G. Papotti, M. Albert, R. Alemany-Fernandez, G.E. Crockford, K. Fuchsberger, R. Giachino, M. Giovannozzi, G.H. Hemelsoet, W. Höfle, D. Jacquet, M. Lamont, D. Nisbet, L. Normann, M. Pojer, L. Ponce, S. Redaelli, B. Salvachua, M. Solfaroli Camillocci, R. Suykerbuyk, J.A. Uythoven, J. Wenninger
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  In 2015 the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) entered the first year in its second long Run, after a 2-year shutdown that prepared it for high energy. The first two months of beam operation were dedicated to setting up the nominal cycle for proton-proton operation at 6.5 TeV/beam, and culminated with the first physics with 3 nominal bunches/ring at 13 TeV CoM on 3 June. The year continued with a stepwise intensity ramp up that allowed reaching 2244 bunches/ring for a peak luminosity of ~5·1033 cm-2s−1 and a total of just above 4 fb-1 delivered to the high luminosity experiments. Beam operation was shaped by the high intensity effects, e.g. electron cloud and macroparticle-induced fast losses (UFOs), which on a few occasions caused the first beam induced quenches at high energy. This paper describes the operational experience with high intensity and high energy at the LHC, together with the issues that had to be tackled along the way.  
slides icon Slides WEOCA01 [4.013 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2016-WEOCA01  
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WEPOY030 First BTF Measurements at the Large Hadron Collider 3051
SUPSS061   use link to see paper's listing under its alternate paper code  
  • C. Tambasco, A. Boccardi, X. Buffat, K. Fuchsberger, M. Gąsior, R. Giachino, T. Lefèvre, T.E. Levens, T. Pieloni, M. Pojer, B. Salvachua, M. Solfaroli Camillocci
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • J. Barranco, C. Tambasco
    EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland
  During the Run I in 2012, several instabilities have been observed at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) during the Betatron squeeze. The predictions of instability thresholds are based on the computation of the beam Landau damping by calculating the Stability Diagrams (SD). These instabilities could be explained by a deterioration of the SD due to beam-beam resonance excitation which could change the particle distributions. Beam Transfer Functions (BTF) provide a measurement of the Stability Diagram. The BTFs are sensitive to the particle detuning with amplitude as well as to the particle distributions therefore they represent a powerful tool to understand experimentally the stability of beams during the LHC operational cycle. First BTF measurements at the LHC are presented for different machine configurations and settings and compared to predictions.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2016-WEPOY030  
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