Author: Albert, M.
Paper Title Page
MOPOR008 Beam Induced RF Heating in LHC in 2015 602
  • B. Salvant, O. Aberle, M. Albert, R. Alemany-Fernandez, G. Arduini, J. Baechler, M.J. Barnes, P. Baudrenghien, O.E. Berrig, N. Biancacci, G. Bregliozzi, J.V. Campelo, F. Carra, F. Caspers, P. Chiggiato, A. Danisi, H.A. Day, M. Deile, D. Druzhkin, J.F. Esteban Müller, S. Jakobsen, J. Kuczerowski, A. Lechner, R. Losito, A. Masi, N. Minafra, E. Métral, A.A. Nosych, A. Perillo Marcone, D. Perini, S. Redaelli, F. Roncarolo, G. Rumolo, E.N. Shaposhnikova, J.A. Uythoven, C. Vollinger, A.J. Välimaa, N. Wang, M. Wendt, J. Wenninger, C. Zannini
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • M. Bozzo
    INFN Genova, Genova, Italy
  • J.F. Esteban Müller
    EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland
  • N. Wang
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  Following the recurrent beam induced RF issues that perturbed LHC operation during LHC Run 1, a series of actions were put in place to minimize the risk that similar issues would occur in LHC Run 2: longitudinal impedance reduction campaign and/or improvement of cooling for equipment that were problematic or at the limit during Run 1, stringent constraints enforced on new equipment that would be installed in the machine, tests to control the bunch length and longitudinal distribution, additional monitoring of temperature, new monitoring tools and warning chains. This contribution reports the outcome of these actions, both successes as well as shortcomings, and details the lessons learnt for the future runs.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2016-MOPOR008  
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TUPMW023 Macroparticle-Induced Losses During 6.5 TeV LHC Operation 1481
  • G. Papotti, M. Albert, B. Auchmann, E.B. Holzer, M.K. Kalliokoski, A. Lechner
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  One of the major performance limitations for operating the LHC at high energy was feared to be the so called UFOs (Unidentified Falling Objects, presumably micrometer sized dust particles which lead to fast beam losses when they interact with the beam). Indeed much higher rates were observed in 2015 compared to Run 1, and about 20 fills were prematurely terminated by too high losses caused by such events. Additionally they triggered a few beam induced quenches at high energy, the first in the history of the LHC. In this paper we review the latest update on the analysis of these events, e.g. the conditioning observed during the year and possible correlations with beam and machine parameters. At the same time we also review the optimization of beam loss monitor thresholds in terms of machine protection and availability.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2016-TUPMW023  
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WEOCA01 Operation of the LHC with Protons at High Luminosity and High Energy 2066
  • G. Papotti, M. Albert, R. Alemany-Fernandez, G.E. Crockford, K. Fuchsberger, R. Giachino, M. Giovannozzi, G.H. Hemelsoet, W. Höfle, D. Jacquet, M. Lamont, D. Nisbet, L. Normann, M. Pojer, L. Ponce, S. Redaelli, B. Salvachua, M. Solfaroli Camillocci, R. Suykerbuyk, J.A. Uythoven, J. Wenninger
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  In 2015 the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) entered the first year in its second long Run, after a 2-year shutdown that prepared it for high energy. The first two months of beam operation were dedicated to setting up the nominal cycle for proton-proton operation at 6.5 TeV/beam, and culminated with the first physics with 3 nominal bunches/ring at 13 TeV CoM on 3 June. The year continued with a stepwise intensity ramp up that allowed reaching 2244 bunches/ring for a peak luminosity of ~5·1033 cm-2s−1 and a total of just above 4 fb-1 delivered to the high luminosity experiments. Beam operation was shaped by the high intensity effects, e.g. electron cloud and macroparticle-induced fast losses (UFOs), which on a few occasions caused the first beam induced quenches at high energy. This paper describes the operational experience with high intensity and high energy at the LHC, together with the issues that had to be tackled along the way.  
slides icon Slides WEOCA01 [4.013 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2016-WEOCA01  
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