Author: Iliakis, K.
Paper Title Page
MOP17 End-to-End Longitudinal Simulations in the CERN PS 106
  • A. Lasheen, H. Damerau, K. Iliakis
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  In the context of the LHC Injector Upgrade (LIU) project, the main longitudinal limitations in the CERN PS are coupled bunch instabilities and uncontrolled emittance blow-up leading to losses at injection into the downstream accelerator, the SPS. To complement beam measurements, particle tracking simulations are an important tool to study these limitations. However, to avoid excessive runtime, simulations are usually targeting only a fraction of the cycle assuming that bunches are initially matched to the RF bucket. This ignores all initial perturbations that could seed an instability. Simulations were therefore performed along the full PS cycle by using the BLonD tracking code optimized with advanced parallelization schemes. They include beam manipulations with several RF harmonics (batch compression, merging, splittings), controlled emittance blow-up, a model of the beam coupling impedance covering a wide frequency range, as well as beam and cavity feedbacks. A large number of macroparticles is required as well as arrays to store beam induced voltage spanning several revolutions to account for long range wakefields.  
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About • Received ※ 16 October 2021 — Revised ※ 19 October 2021 — Accepted ※ 01 April 2022 — Issue date ※ 11 April 2022
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