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BiBTeX citation export for MOP09: HL-LHC Beam Dynamics with Hollow Electron Lenses

  author       = {P.D. Hermes and R. Bruce and R. De Maria and M. Giovannozzi and A. Mereghetti and D. Mirarchi and S. Redaelli and G. Stancari},
% author       = {P.D. Hermes and R. Bruce and R. De Maria and M. Giovannozzi and A. Mereghetti and D. Mirarchi and others},
% author       = {P.D. Hermes and others},
  title        = {{HL-LHC Beam Dynamics with Hollow Electron Lenses}},
  booktitle    = {Proc. HB'21},
  pages        = {59--64},
  eid          = {MOP09},
  language     = {english},
  keywords     = {electron, optics, emittance, operation, simulation},
  venue        = {Batavia, IL, USA},
  series       = {ICFA ABDW on High-Intensity and High-Brightness Hadron Beams},
  number       = {64},
  publisher    = {JACoW Publishing, Geneva, Switzerland},
  month        = {04},
  year         = {2022},
  issn         = {2673-5571},
  isbn         = {978-3-95450-225-7},
  doi          = {10.18429/JACoW-HB2021-MOP09},
  url          = {https://jacow.org/hb2021/papers/mop09.pdf},
  abstract     = {{Each of the two proton beams in the High-Luminosity Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC) will carry a total energy of 720 MJ. One concern for machine protection is the energy stored in the transverse beam tails, estimated to potentially reach up to 5% of the total stored energy. Several failure scenarios could drive these tails into the collimators, potentially causing damage and therefore severely affecting operational efficiency. Hollow Electron Lenses (HEL) were integrated in the HL-LHC baseline to mitigate this risk by depleting the tails in a controlled way. A hollow-shaped electron beam runs co-axially to the hadron beam over about 3 m, such that halo particles at large amplitudes become unstable, while core particles ideally remain undisturbed. Residual fields from e-beam asymmetries can, however, induce emittance growth of the beam core. Various options for the pulsing of the HEL are considered and are compared using two figures of merit: halo depletion efficiency and core emittance growth. This contribution presents simulations for these two effects with different HEL pulsing modes using the final HL-LHC optics, that was optimized at the location of the lenses.}},