Author: Reimann, O.
Paper Title Page
TUPEA008 Physics of the AWAKE Project 1179
  • P. Muggli, E. Oz, R. Tarkeshian
    MPI, Muenchen, Germany
  • C. Bracco, E. Gschwendtner, A. Pardons
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • A. Caldwell, O. Reimann
    MPI-P, München, Germany
  • K.V. Lotov
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
  • A.M. Pukhov
    HHUD, Dusseldorf, Germany
  • J. Vieira
    IPFN, Lisbon, Portugal
  • M. Wing
    UCL, London, United Kingdom
  The goal of the AWKAKE collaboration is the study of plasma wakefields driven by proton (p+) bunches through experiments, simulations and theory. Proton bunches are interesting wakefield drivers because they can be ultra-relativistic (TeVs/p+) and carry large amounts of energy (>kJ). It was demonstrated in simulations* that acceleration of an electron (e-) bunch from 10GeV to >500GeV can be achieved in ~500m of plasma driven by a 1TeV, 100micron-long, bunch with 1011 p+. Such short p+ bunches do not exist today. It was suggested** that a p+ bunch long compared to the plasma period can transversely self-modulate and resonantly drive wakefields to large amplitudes (~GV/m). Initial experiments based on self-modulation instability (SMI) will use single 12cm-long CERN SPS bunches with 1-3·1011, 450GeV p+ to study physics of SMI. With a plasma density of 7·1014/cc the plasma wave and modulation period is 1.3mm. The SMI saturates after ~3m with amplitude in the GV/m range. Later a low energy (~10MeV) witness e- bunch will be injected at the SMI saturation point. Energy gain over ~7m of plasma can reach the GeV level. Translation from physics to experimental plan and setup will be presented.
* A. Caldwell et al., Nature Physics 5, 363 (2009)
** N. Kumar et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 255003 (2010)
TUPEA045 Self-Modulation and Hosing Instability of Slac Electron and Positron Bunches in Plasmas 1235
  • J. Vieira, N.C. Lopes
    Instituto Superior Tecnico, Lisbon, Portugal
  • E. Adli, S.J. Gessner, M.J. Hogan, S.Z. Li, M.D. Litos
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • Y. Fang
    USC, Los Angeles, California, USA
  • C. Joshi, K.A. Marsh, W.B. Mori, N. Vafaei-Najafabadi
    UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA
  • P. Muggli
    MPI, Muenchen, Germany
  • O. Reimann
    MPI-P, München, Germany
  • L.O. Silva
    IPFN, Lisbon, Portugal
  Funding: This work has been partially supported by Humboldt Foundation.
The understanding of the self-modulation (SMI) and hosing (HI) instabilities is critical for the success of the upcoming proton driven plasma wakefield acceleration experiments at CERN*. The use of long SLAC electron and positron bunches provides the possibility of understanding experimentally the interplay between SMI and HI. In this work we perform particle-in-cell simulations with the code OSIRIS with parameters that will be available for experiments at SLAC in 2013. We show that the SMI of 20 GeV lepton bunches can grow and saturate in less than 15 cm. Up to 8 GeV energy gain/loss could be observed after a meter long plasma. The HI can also be effectively mitigated by seeding the SMI using bunches with short rise times**. We also show analytically and numerically that in the linear regime and after saturation of the SMI the HI can be suppressed by a plasma-BNS damping analogue. Several diagnostics that could be used in experiments to measure the SMI development and these effects are also explored.
*G. Xia et al., J. Plasma Phys., 1-7 (2012).
**J. Vieira et al., Phys. Plasmas 19, 063105 (2012).