Author: Pshenichnov, I.A.
Paper Title Page
TUPFI078 Measurement of the Total Cross Section of Uranium-uranium Collisions at a Center-of-mass Energy of 192.8 GeV per Nucleon-pair 1529
  • W. Fischer, A.J. Baltz, M. Blaskiewicz, K.A. Drees, D.M. Gassner, Y. Luo, M.G. Minty, P. Thieberger, M. Wilinski
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • I.A. Pshenichnov
    RAS/INR, Moscow, Russia
  Funding: Work supported by U.S. DOE under contract No DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
Heavy ion cross sections totaling several hundred barns have been calculated previously for the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). These total cross sections are more than an order of magnitude larger than the geometric ion-ion cross sections, primarily due to Bound-Free Pair Production (BFPP) and Electro-Magnetic Dissociation (EMD). Apart from a general interest in verifying the calculations experimentally, an accurate prediction of the losses created in the heavy ion collisions is of practical interest for the LHC, where some collision products are lost in cryogenically cooled magnets and have the potential to quench these magnets. In the 2012 RHIC run uranium ions collided with each other at a center-of-mass energy of 192.8 GeV per nucleon-pair with nearly all beam losses due to collisions. This allows for the measurement of the total cross section and a comparison with calculations.