Author: Mammei, R.R.
Paper Title Page
MOPFI080 Fabrication, Transport and Characterization of Cesium Potassium Antimonide Cathode in Electron Guns 461
  • T. Rao, S.A. Belomestnykh, I. Ben-Zvi, X. Liang, I. Pinayev, B. Sheehy, J. Skaritka, J. Smedley, E. Wang, T. Xin
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • R.R. Mammei, J.L. McCarter, M. Poelker
    JLAB, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  • M. Ruiz-Osés
    Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, USA
  a number of accelerator applications need high current, low emittance and high brightness electron beams. Recent studies have shown cesium potassium antimonide to be a robust photocathode capable of producing high peak and average currents. However, for some applications, the UHV conditions required for producing these cathodes necessitate their fabrication site to be physically removed from the gun location and the cathode to be transferred between the two sites in UHV load-lock chambers. We have fabricated two cathodes at BNL, transported and tested them in DC gun at JLab at 100 kV and 200 kV. These cathodes have delivered up to 8A/cm2 without significant degradation. Localized changes in the QE have been attributed to heating due to laser, increasing the QE at lower laser power, but damaging the cathode at higher power. Two more load-lock chambers have been built to transport and insert similar cathodes in SRF guns operating at 700 MHz and 112 MHz for the first time. In this paper, we will describe the design of the load-lock chambers, transfer mechanisms, transport of the cathodes over ~ 1000 km and the cathode performance in gun environment.