Author: Li, Y.
Paper Title Page
MOPWA071 A Comparison of Electron Cloud Density Measurements at CesrTA 843
  • J.P. Sikora, J.A. Crittenden, D.O. Duggins, Y. Li, X. Liu
    CLASSE, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • S. De Santis
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
  Funding: This work is supported by the US National Science Foundation PHY-0734867, PHY-1002467, and the US Department of Energy DE-FC02-08ER41538, DE-SC0006505.
Several techniques have been employed to measure the electron cloud (EC) density in accelerators. These include Time Resolved Retarding Field Analyzers (TR-RFA) and Shielded Pickups (SPU) that measure the flux of cloud electrons onto the beam-pipe wall, as well as TE wave resonance techniques that measure the EC density in a region within the volume of the beam-pipe. We have made measurements to test the EC mitigation properties of different surface coatings and geometries, often with more than one technique used in the same test chamber. We present a comparison of bare aluminum chambers with those having a TiN coating, as well as the effect of beam conditioning. In addition, we will compare the results of the different measurement techniques used in the same chamber. These measurements were made at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring (CESR) which has been reconfigured as a test accelerator (CesrTA) having positron or electron beam energies ranging from 2 GeV to 5 GeV.
  • J.A. Crittenden, Y. Li, X. Liu, M.A. Palmer, J.P. Sikora
    CLASSE, Ithaca, New York, USA
  Funding: US National Science Foundation PHY-0734867, PHY-1002467, and the U.S. Department of Energy DE-FC02-08ER41538
The Cornell Electron Storage Ring Test Accelerator program includes investigations into electron cloud buildup mitigation techniques using custom vacuum chambers. Multibunch electron and positron beams of energies between 2.1 and 5.3 GeV with bunch spacings from 4 to 98 ns and bunch populations ranging from 1010 to 16·1010 provide highly differentiated sensitivity to the processes contributing to cloud buildup such as photoelectron production, cloud space-charge dynamics, and secondary electron emission. Measurements of the time dependence of cloud buildup using BPM-style shielded pickups have been shown to provide tight constraints on cloud buildup models. Recently, time-resolving retarding-field analyzers have been designed, installed and commissioned. These novel detectors combine the time-resolving feature of the shielded pickups with the fine transverse segmentation and cloud electron energy sensitivity of the time-integrating retarding-field analyzers used previously. We report on progress in modeling these measurements and quantify their sensitivity to various parameters describing the underlying physical processes contributing to cloud buildup.
TUPME066 CESR Low Emittance Upgrade with Combined Function Bends 1718
  • D. L. Rubin, Y. Li, A.A. Mikhailichenko, S. Wang
    CLASSE, Ithaca, New York, USA
  Funding: Work supported by the National Science Foundation and Department of Energy under contract numbers PHY-1002467, DMR-0936384 and DE-SC0006505
The Cornell Electron Storage Ring is the laboratory for the CESR Test Accelerator damping ring R&D program, and the source of x-rays for CHESS. A peculiarity of the layout of the storage ring is that horizontal emittance is generated predominantly by the strong bends in the sextant of the ring that was designed with a long straight to accommodate the interaction region required for operation as an electron-positron collider. By reconfiguring that single sextant we reduce the emittance by 60% to 20 nm-rad at 5.3 GeV for x-ray production and with damping wigglers to 1.3 nm-rad at 2.1 GeV for investigations of low emittance phenomena. The 35 meter radius of curvature, 3.2 meter long dipoles are refitted as combined function (vertically focusing) magnets to create simple achromats. The layout can accommodate six, 3 meter long undulators, in addition to the six existing superconducting damping wigglers. With reduced horizontal emittance and energy spread, the reconfiguration enhances the sensitivity of CESR to the emittance diluting effects that are the subject of the CesrTA study. Capability of the x-ray source is significantly improved with six new undulator beam lines.
WEPWO061 Readiness for the Cornell ERL 2447
  • G.H. Hoffstaetter, A.C. Bartnik, I.V. Bazarov, D.H. Bilderback, M.G. Billing, J.D. Brock, J.A. Crittenden, L. Cultrera, D.S. Dale, J. Dobbins, B.M. Dunham, R.D. Ehrlich, M. P. Ehrlichman, R. Eichhorn, K. Finkelstein, E. Fontes, M.J. Forster, S.J. Full, F. Furuta, D. Gonnella, S.W. Gray, S.M. Gruner, C.M. Gulliford, D.L. Hartill, Y. He, R.G. Helmke, K.M.V. Ho, R.P.K. Kaplan, S.S. Karkare, V.O. Kostroun, H. Lee, Y. Li, M. Liepe, X. Liu, J.M. Maxson, C.E. Mayes, A.A. Mikhailichenko, H. Padamsee, J.R. Patterson, S.B. Peck, S. Posen, P. Quigley, P. Revesz, D.H. Rice, D. Sagan, J. Sears, V.D. Shemelin, D.M. Smilgies, E.N. Smith, K.W. Smolenski, A.B. Temnykh, M. Tigner, N.R.A. Valles, V. Veshcherevich, A.R. Woll, Y. Xie, Z. Zhao
    CLASSE, Ithaca, New York, USA
  Funding: Supported by NSF award DMR-0807731 and NY State
Energy-Recovery Linacs (ERLs) are proposed as drivers for hard x-ray sources because of their ability to produce electron bunches with small, flexible cross sections and short lengths at high repetition rates. Cornell University has pioneered the design and hardware for ERL lightsources. This preparatory research for ERL-lightsource construction will be discussed. Important milestones have been achieved in Cornell's prototype ERL injector, including the production of a prototype SRF cavity that exceeds design specifications, the regular production of long-lived and low emittance cathodes, the acceleration of ultra-low emittance bunches, and the world-record of 65 mA current from a photoemission DC gun. We believe that demonstration of the practical feasibility of these technologies have progressed sufficiently to allow the construction of an ERL-based lightsource like that described in [].
THPFI087 Measurements of Secondary Electron Yield of Metal Surfaces and Films with Exposure to a Realistic Accelerator Environment 3493
  • W. Hartung, J.V. Conway, C.A. Dennett, S. Greenwald, J.-S. Kim, Y. Li, T.P. Moore, V. Omanovic
    CLASSE, Ithaca, New York, USA
  One of the central goals of the CESR Test Accelerator program is to understand electron cloud (EC) effects in lepton rings and how to mitigate them. To this end, measurements of the secondary electron yield (SEY) of technical surfaces are being done in CESR. The CESR in-situ system, in operation since 2010, allows for measurements of SEY as a function of incident electron energy and angle on samples that are exposed to a realistic accelerator environment, typically 5.3 GeV electrons and positrons. The system was designed for periodic measurements to observe beam conditioning of the SEY and discrimination between exposure to direct photons from synchrotron radiation versus scattered photons and cloud electrons. Measurements so far have been done on bare metal surfaces (aluminum, copper, stainless steel) and EC-mitigatory coatings (titanium nitride, amorphous carbon, diamond-like carbon). A significant decrease in SEY with exposure to beam was observed for all cases other than the amorphous C samples; for the latter, the SEY remained near 1, independent of beam exposure. The SEY results are being used to improve predictive models for EC build-up and EC-induced beam effects.  
THPFI088 Electron Cloud Diagnostic Chambers with Various EC-suppression Coatings 3496
  • Y. Li, J.V. Conway, X. Liu, M.A. Palmer
    CLASSE, Ithaca, New York, USA
  Funding: Work supported by the US National Science Foundation PHY-0734867, PHY-1002467, and the U.S. Department of Energy DE-FC02-08ER41538
Suppression of electron cloud (EC) growth and density is critical for many high intensity accelerators of positively charged particles, such as positron rings for Super KEKB and ILC’s positron damping ring. Among various suppression techniques, passive coating with low secondary electron emission (SEY) coefficient is the most economic method. During CesrTA EC study program, we have created two dedicated short sections in the CESR vacuum system to study effectiveness of various SEY reduction coatings. During last 4 years, six one-meter-long EC study vacuum chambers were constructed, and rotated through these short sections. The EC chambers were not only equipped with EC diagnostics (including a RFA and RF-shield pickups), they were also installed in CESR with vacuum instrument, including a cold cathode ion gauge and a residual gas analyzer. With these EC study chambers, EC-suppression effectiveness of TiN, amorphous carbon and diamond-like carbon coatings were evaluated, relative to bare aluminum chamber. In this report, we will report vacuum properties of these coatings. In particular, the photon-induced desorption and beam conditioning histories are presented.