Author: Gschwendtner, E.
Paper Title Page
MOPEA058 CNGS, CERN Neutrinos to Gran Sasso, Five Years of Running a 500 Kilowatt Neutrino Beam Facility at CERN 211
  • E. Gschwendtner, K. Cornelis, I. Efthymiopoulos, A. Pardons, H. Vincke, J. Wenninger
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • I. Krätschmer
    HEPHY, Wien, Austria
  The CNGS facility (CERN Neutrinos to Gran Sasso) aims at directly detecting muon to tau neutrino oscillations where an intense muon-neutrino beam (1017 muon-neutrinos/day) is generated at CERN and directed over 732km towards the Gran Sasso National Laboratory, LNGS, in Italy, where two large and complex detectors, OPERA and ICARUS, are located. The CNGS facility (CNGS Neutrinos to Gran Sasso) started with the physics program in 2008 and delivered until the end of the physics run 2012 more than 80% of the approved protons on target (22.5·1019 pot). An overview of the performance and experience gained in operating this 500kW neutrino beam facility is described. Major events since the commissioning of the facility in 2006 are summarized. Highlights on the CNGS beam performance are given.  
TUPEA008 Physics of the AWAKE Project 1179
  • P. Muggli, E. Oz, R. Tarkeshian
    MPI, Muenchen, Germany
  • C. Bracco, E. Gschwendtner, A. Pardons
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • A. Caldwell, O. Reimann
    MPI-P, München, Germany
  • K.V. Lotov
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
  • A.M. Pukhov
    HHUD, Dusseldorf, Germany
  • J. Vieira
    IPFN, Lisbon, Portugal
  • M. Wing
    UCL, London, United Kingdom
  The goal of the AWKAKE collaboration is the study of plasma wakefields driven by proton (p+) bunches through experiments, simulations and theory. Proton bunches are interesting wakefield drivers because they can be ultra-relativistic (TeVs/p+) and carry large amounts of energy (>kJ). It was demonstrated in simulations* that acceleration of an electron (e-) bunch from 10GeV to >500GeV can be achieved in ~500m of plasma driven by a 1TeV, 100micron-long, bunch with 1011 p+. Such short p+ bunches do not exist today. It was suggested** that a p+ bunch long compared to the plasma period can transversely self-modulate and resonantly drive wakefields to large amplitudes (~GV/m). Initial experiments based on self-modulation instability (SMI) will use single 12cm-long CERN SPS bunches with 1-3·1011, 450GeV p+ to study physics of SMI. With a plasma density of 7·1014/cc the plasma wave and modulation period is 1.3mm. The SMI saturates after ~3m with amplitude in the GV/m range. Later a low energy (~10MeV) witness e- bunch will be injected at the SMI saturation point. Energy gain over ~7m of plasma can reach the GeV level. Translation from physics to experimental plan and setup will be presented.
* A. Caldwell et al., Nature Physics 5, 363 (2009)
** N. Kumar et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 255003 (2010)
TUPEA051 Beam Transfer Line Design for a Plasma Wakefield Acceleration Experiment (AWAKE) at the CERN SPS 1247
  • C. Bracco, J. Bauche, D. Brethoux, V. Clerc, B. Goddard, E. Gschwendtner, L.K. Jensen, A. Kosmicki, G. Le Godec, M. Meddahi, C. Mutin, J.A. Osborne, K.D. Papastergiou, A. Pardons, F.M. Velotti, H. Vincke
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • P. Muggli
    MPI, Muenchen, Germany
  The world’s first proton driven plasma wakefield acceleration experiment is presently being studied at CERN. The experiment will use a high energy proton beam extracted from the SPS as driver. Two possible locations for installing the AWAKE facility are considered: the West Area and the CNGS long baseline beam-line. The previous transfer line from the SPS to the West Area was completely dismantled in 2000 and it would need to be fully re-designed and re-built. For this option, geometric constraints for radio protection reasons would limit the maximum proton beam energy to 300 GeV. The existing CNGS line could be used by applying only minor changes to the final part of the lattice for the final focusing and the interface between the proton beam and the laser, required for plasma ionisation and bunch-modulation seeding. The beam line design studies performed for the two options are presented.  
TUPEA053 Feasibility Study of the AWAKE Facility at CERN 1253
  • E. Gschwendtner, C. Bracco, B. Goddard, M. Meddahi, A. Pardons, E.N. Shaposhnikova, H. Timko, F.M. Velotti, H. Vincke
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  Plasma Wakefield acceleration is a rapidly developing field which appears to be a promising candidate technology for future high-energy accelerators. The Proton Driven Plasma Wakefield Acceleration has been proposed as an approach to eventually accelerate an electron beam to the TeV energy range in a single plasma section. To verify this novel technique, a proof-of-principle demonstration experiment, AWAKE, is proposed using 400 GeV proton bunches from the SPS. Detailed studies on the identification of the best site for the installation of the AWAKE facility resulted in proposing the CNGS facility as best location. Design and integration layouts covering the beam line, the experimental area and all interfaces and services will be shown. Among other issues, radiation protection, safety and civil engineering constraints will be raised.