Author: Domínguez, C.O.
Paper Title Page
TUPFI002 Electron Cloud and Scrubbing Studies for the LHC 1331
  • G. Iadarola
    Naples University Federico II, Science and Technology Pole, Napoli, Italy
  • G. Arduini, V. Baglin, H. Bartosik, C.O. Domínguez, J.F. Esteban Müller, G. Iadarola, G. Rumolo, E.N. Shaposhnikova, L.J. Tavian, F. Zimmermann
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • C.O. Domínguez
    EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland
  • G.H.I. Maury Cuna
    CINVESTAV, Mexico City, Mexico
  Electron cloud build-up resulting from beam-induced multipacting is one of the major limitations for the operation of the LHC with beams with close bunch spacing. Electron clouds induce unwanted pressure rise, heat loads on the beam screens of the superconducting magnets and beam instabilities. Operation with bunch spacing of 50 ns in 2011 and 2012 has required decreasing the Secondary Electron Yield of the beam screens below the multipacting threshold for beams with this bunch spacing. This was achieved by continuous electron bombardment induced by operating the machine with high intensity beams with 50 and 25 ns spacing during dedicated periods at injection energy (450 GeV) and at top energy (3.5 and 4 TeV). The evolution of the Secondary Electron Yield during these periods, at different sections of the machine, can be estimated by pressure, heat load and by bunch-by-bunch RF stable phase measurements. The experimental information on the scrubbing process will be discussed and a possible “scrubbing strategy” to allow the operation with 50ns and 25ns beams after the Long Shutdown in 2013-2014 will be presented.  
TUPFI042 Beam Parameters and Luminosity Time Evolution for an 80-km VHE-LHC 1442
  • C.O. Domínguez, F. Zimmermann
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  The Very High Energy LHC (VHE-LHC) is a recently proposed proton-proton collider in a new 80-km tunnel. With a dipole field of 15-20 T it would provide a collision energy of 76-100 TeV c.m. We discuss the VHE-LHC beam parameters and compute the time evolution of luminosity, beam current, emittances, bunch length, and beam-beam tune shift during a physics store. The results for VHE-LHC are compared with those for HE-LHC, a 33-TeV (20-T field) collider located in the existing LHC tunnel.  
TUPFI045 Electron-cloud Maps for LHC Scrubbing Optimization 1451
  • C.O. Domínguez, F. Zimmermann
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  Electron-cloud maps as alternative to detailed build-up simulations have already been applied in the past for a few accelerators, e.g. RHIC and the LHC at 7 TeV. We here report a first application of maps to optimize the "beam scrubbing" of the LHC arcs at injection energy: Maps are used to efficiently determine the optimum bunch filling pattern which maximizes the electron flux on the chamber wall, while respecting constraints on the central cloud density to ensure beam stability. In addition, new features have been explored, e.g. by introducing thresholds which divide regions where either linear maps or cubic maps best describe the build-up and the decay of an electron cloud. In the near future we plan to extend the map formalism to individual slices in a dipole file in order to represent the vertical "stripes".