Author: Cywinski, R.
Paper Title Page
THPWA038 GEANT4 Studies of Magnets Activation in the HEBT Line for the European Spallation Source 3714
  • C. Bungau, R.J. Barlow, A. Bungau, R. Cywinski, T.R. Edgecock
    University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, United Kingdom
  • P. Carlsson, H. Danared, F. Mezei
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
  • A.I.S. Holm, S.P. Møller, H.D. Thomsen
    ISA, Aarhus, Denmark
  The High Energy Beam Transport (HEBT) line for the European Spallation Source is designed to transport the beam from the underground linac to the target at the surface level while keeping the beam losses small and providing the requested beam footprint and profile on the target. This paper presents activation studies of the magnets in the HEBT line due to backscattered neutrons from the target and beam interactions inside the collimators producing unstable isotopes.  
THPWA039 GEANT4 Target Simulations for Low Energy Medical Applications 3717
  • N. Ratcliffe, R.J. Barlow, A. Bungau, C. Bungau, R. Cywinski
    University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, United Kingdom
  The GEANT4 code offers an extensive set of hadronic models for various projectiles and energy ranges. These models include theoretical, parameterized and, for low energy neutrons, data driven models. Theoretical or semi-empirical models sometimes cannot reproduce experimental data at low energies(<100MeV), especially for low Z elements, and therefore recent GEANT4 developments included a new particle\hp package which uses evaluated nuclear databases for proton interactions below 200 MeV. These recent developments have been used to study target designs for low energy proton accelerators, as replacements of research reactors, for medical applications. Presented in this paper are results of benchmarking of these new models for a range of targets, from lithium neutron production targets to molybdenum isotope production targets, with experimental data. Also included is a discussion of the most promising target designs that have currently been studied.