Author: Courant, E.D.
Paper Title Page
TUPWO074 Reducing Spin Tune Spread by Matching DX Prime at Snakes in RHIC 2030
  • C. Liu, M. Bai, E.D. Courant, A. Marusic, M.G. Minty, V.H. Ranjbar, S. Tepikian, R.A. Thomas, D. Trbojevic
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  Funding: Work supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
At the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at BNL the physics program includes collisions between beams of polarized protons at high beam energies. Maintaining the proton's polarization is vital and preserved primarily by application of a pair of Siberian snakes. Measurements from recent high-energy physics runs indicate polarization loss during acceleration between 100 and 250 GeV. Based on analytic estimations for off-momentum particles and/or beams, a nonzero difference in DX prime - the dispersion function angle - between the snakes can result in a shift in the spin tune, or equivalently, of the conditions of snake resonances in close proximity to the beam during acceleration. Requiring that DX prime at the two Siberian snakes in RHIC being equal would reduce the spin tune shift for off-energy particles so helping to maintain polarization during the energy ramp. Preservation of half-integer spin tune is also important for future operation of the spin flipper at store. In this report, the matching scheme and simulations using MAD-X will be presented together with a newly applied method based on response matrices.