Author: Chlachidze, G.
Paper Title Page
THPME044 Fabrication and Test of a 1 M Long Single-aperture 11 T Nb3Sn Dipole for LHC Upgrades 3609
  • A.V. Zlobin, N. Andreev, G. Apollinari, E.Z. Barzi, R. Bossert, G. Chlachidze, J. DiMarco, A. Nobrega, I. Novitski, D. Turrioni, G. Velev
    Fermilab, Batavia, USA
  • B. Auchmann, M. Karppinen, L. Rossi, D. Smekens
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  Funding: Work is supported by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC, under contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359 with the U.S. Department of Energy and European Commission under FP7 project HiLumi LHC, GA no.284404
The planned upgrade of the LHC collimation system includes two additional collimators to be installed in the dispersion suppressor areas around points 2, 3 and 7, and high luminosity interaction regions in points 1 and 5. The necessary longitudinal space for the collimators could be provided by replacing some 8.33 T NbTi LHC main dipoles with 11 T dipoles based on Nb3Sn superconductor and compatible with the LHC lattice and main systems. To demonstrate this possibility Fermilab and CERN have started in 2011 a joint R&D program with the goal of building by 2015 a 5.5-m long twin-aperture dipole prototype suitable for installation in the LHC. An important part of the program is the development and test a series of short single-aperture demonstration dipoles with the nominal field of 11 T at the LHC nominal current of ~11.85 kA and ~20% margin. This paper describes the design features and test results of a 1-m long single-aperture Nb3Sn demonstrator dipole for the LHC collimation system upgrade.
  • A.V. Zlobin, G. Ambrosio, N. Andreev, E.Z. Barzi, R. Bossert, G. Chlachidze, V.V. Kashikhin, S. Krave, A. Nobrega, I. Novitski
    Fermilab, Batavia, USA
  Funding: Work supported by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC, under contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
FNAL is developing advanced Nb3Sn magnets for present and future accelerators. Insulation is one of the primary elements of magnet design, essential for maintaining its electrical, mechanical and thermal performance. The Nb3Sn magnet fabrication process involves coil reaction at high temperature and then impregnation with epoxy to restore the insulation electrical and mechanical properties. The traditional epoxy offers adequate structural and electrical properties, but has a low radiation strength which limits the lifetime of accelerator magnets operating in severe radiation environments. Studies to replace epoxy as impregnation material for Nb3Sn coils with high radiation-resistant material have started at FNAL ten years ago. The studies concentrated on the Matrimid® 5292, a bismaleimide based material, which has appropriate viscosity and potlife as well as provides excellent mechanical, electrical and thermal coil properties. A 1 m long Nb3Sn quadrupole coil was recently fabricated, impregnated with Matrimid and tested in a quadrupole magnetic mirror at 4.2 and 1.9 K. Coil test results are presented and compared to the results for similar coils impregnated with epoxy.