Author: Wurtele, J.S.
Paper Title Page
TUPPP070 Next Generation Light Source R&D and Design Studies at LBNL 1762
  • J.N. Corlett, B. Austin, K.M. Baptiste, D.L. Bowring, J.M. Byrd, S. De Santis, P. Denes, R.J. Donahue, L.R. Doolittle, P. Emma, D. Filippetto, G. Huang, T. Koettig, S. Kwiatkowski, D. Li, T.P. Lou, H. Nishimura, H.A. Padmore, C. F. Papadopoulos, G.C. Pappas, G. Penn, M. Placidi, S. Prestemon, D. Prosnitz, J. Qiang, A. Ratti, M.W. Reinsch, D. Robin, F. Sannibale, D. Schlueter, R.W. Schoenlein, J.W. Staples, C. Steier, C. Sun, T. Vecchione, M. Venturini, W. Wan, R.P. Wells, R.B. Wilcox, J.S. Wurtele
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
  Funding: Work supported by the Director, Office of Science, of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231.
LBNL is developing design concepts for a multi-beamline soft x-ray FEL array powered by a superconducting linear accelerator, operating with a high bunch repetition rate of approximately one MHz. The cw superconducting linear accelerator is supplied by an injector based on a high-brightness, high-repetition-rate photocathode electron gun. Electron bunches are distributed from the linac to the array of independently configurable FEL beamlines with nominal bunch rates up to 100 kHz in each FEL, and with even pulse spacing. Individual FELs may be configured for different modes of operation, and each may produce high peak and average brightness x-rays with a flexible pulse format, and with pulse durations ranging from sub-femtoseconds to hundreds of femtoseconds. In this paper we describe conceptual design studies and optimizations. We describe recent developments in the design and performance parameters, and progress in R&D activities.
TUEPPB010 Oscillator Seeding of a High Gain Harmonic Generation FEL in a Radiator-first Configuration 1137
  • P.R. Gandhi, J.S. Wurtele
    UCB, Berkeley, California, USA
  • G. Penn, M.W. Reinsch
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
  A longitudinally coherent X-ray pulse from a high repetition rate free electron laser (FEL) is desired for a wide variety of experimental applications. However, generating such a pulse with a repetition rate greater than ~1 MHz is a significant challenge. The desired high rep rate sources, primarily high harmonic generation with intense lasers in gases or plasmas, do not exist now, and, for the multi-MHz bunch trains that superconducting accelerators can potentially produce, are likely not feasible with current technology. In this paper, we propose to place an oscillator downstream of a radiator. The oscillator generates radiation that is used as a seed for a high gain harmonic generation (HGHG) FEL which is upstream of the oscillator. For the first few pulses the oscillator builds up power and, until power is built up, the radiator has no HGHG seed. As power in the oscillator saturates, the HGHG is seeded and power is produced. The dynamics and stability of this radiator-first scheme is explored analytically and numerically. A single-pass map is derived using a semi-analytic model for FEL gain and saturation. Iteration of the map is shown to be in good agreement with simulations.  
TUPPP073 Machine Parameter Studies for an FEL Facility Using STAFF 1768
  • M.W. Reinsch, B. Austin, J.N. Corlett, L.R. Doolittle, P. Emma, G. Penn, D. Prosnitz, J. Qiang, A. Sessler, M. Venturini
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
  • J.S. Wurtele
    UCB, Berkeley, California, USA
  Designing an FEL facility requires balancing multiple science needs, FEL and accelerator physics constraints, and engineering limitations. STAFF (System Trade Analysis for an FEL Facility) is a MATLAB program that enables the user to rapidly explore a large range of Linac and FEL design options to meet science requirements. The code uses analytical models such as the Ming Xie formulas when appropriate and look-up tables when necessary to maintain speed and flexibility. STAFF's modular design simplifies the inclusion of new physics models for FEL harmonics, wake fields, cavity higher-order modes and aspects of linac design such as the optimization of a laser heater, harmonic linearizer, and one or more bunch compressors. Code for the microbunching instability has been included as well. STAFF also supports multiple undulator technologies. STAFF permits the user to study error tolerances and multiple beamlines so as to explore the full capabilities of an entire user facility. This makes it possible to optimize the integrated system in terms of performance metrics such as photons/pulse, photons/sec and tunability range.