Author: Weinberg, G.
Paper Title Page
TUPPD050 Investigation of Laser-cleaning Process on Lead Photocathodes 1515
  • S.G. Schubert, R. Barday, T. Kamps, T. Quast, A. Varykhalov
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  • R. Nietubyć
    The Andrzej Soltan Institute for Nuclear Studies, Centre Świerk, Świerk/Otwock, Poland
  • F. Siewert
    BESSY GmbH, Berlin, Germany
  • J. Smedley
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • G. Weinberg
    FHI, Berlin, Germany
  Funding: Work supported by Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung and Land Berlin.
Metal photocathodes are widely used in electron injectors due to their stability and long life time; unfortunately they exhibit low quantum efficiency. Due to adsorption of contaminants the work function increases and thus the quantum efficiency is further reduced. In order to increase the quantum efficiency of our Pb cathode we performed a cleaning procedure by means of a high power excimer laser as suggested by Smedley*. The process was studied on witness samples in a combined photo emission, SEM and quantum efficiency measurement study. Thin Lead films were arc-deposited on optical polished Mo-substrates**. Before and after irradiation the sample was analyzed at 140 eV photon energy at a XPS/ARPES end station at the synchrotron radiation source Bessy II. We followed the change of the Pb 5d signals. In the initial situation we observed signals originating from metallic Pb and Pb in the oxidized state, respectively. Since the surface roughness is of concern for the injector performance it was examined before and after the irradiation procedure with white-light-interferometry and the surface morphology by means of SEM.
*J. Smedley et al, PRST-AB 11, 013502 (2008).
** Rao, T. et al., IPAC 2010, THPEC020 (2010).