Author: Weathersby, S.P.
Paper Title Page
MOOAB03 FACET First Beam Commissioning 46
  • G. Yocky, C.I. Clarke, W.S. Colocho, F.-J. Decker, M.J. Hogan, N. Lipkowitz, J. Nelson, P.M. Schuh, J.T. Seeman, J. Sheppard, H. Smith, T.J. Smith, M. Stanek, Y. Sun, J.L. Turner, M.-H. Wang, S.P. Weathersby, G.R. White, U. Wienands, M. Woodley
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  Funding: Work supported by U.S. Department of Energy, Contract DE-AC02-76SF00515.
The FACET (Facility for Advanced aCcelerator Experimental Tests) facility at SLAC has been under Construction since summer 2010. Its goal is to produce ultrashort and transversely small bunches of very high intensity (20kA peak current) to facilitate advanced acceleration experiments like PWFA and DLA. In June of 2011 the first electron beam was brought into the newly constructed bunch-compression chicane. Commissioning work included restarting the linac and damping ring, verifying hardware, establishing a good beam trajectory, verifying the optics of the chicane, commissioning diagnostic devices for transverse and longitudinal bunch size, and tuning up the beam size and bunch compression. Running a high-intensity beam through the linac without BNS damping and with large energy spread is a significant challenge. Optical aberrations as well as wakefields conspire to increase beam emittance and the bunch compression is quite sensitive to details of the beam energy and orbit, not unlike what will be encountered in a linear-collider final-focusing system. In this paper we outline the steps we took while commissioning as well as the challenges encountered and how they were overcome.
slides icon Slides MOOAB03 [9.167 MB]  
TUPPC052 Longitudinal Beam Tuning at FACET 1287
  • N. Lipkowitz, F.-J. Decker, J. Sheppard, S.P. Weathersby, U. Wienands, M. Woodley, G. Yocky
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  Commissioning of the Facility for Advanced acCelerator Experimental Tests (FACET) at SLAC began in July 2011. In order to achieve the high charge density required for users such as the plasma wakefield acceleration experiment, the electron bunch must be compressed longitudinally from ~6 mm down to 20 microns. This compression scheme is carried out in three stages and requires careful tuning, as the final achievable bunch length is highly sensitive to errors in each consecutive stage. In this paper, we give an overview of the longitudinal dynamics at FACET, including beam measurements taken during commissioning, tuning techniques developed to minimize the bunch length, optimization of the new “W” chicane at the end of the linac, and comparison with particle tracking simulations. In addition, we present additional diagnostics and improved tuning techniques, and their expected effect on performance for the upcoming 2012 user run.  
WEEPPB007 Initial Testing of the Mark-0 X-band RF Gun at SLAC 2179
  • A.E. Vlieks, C. Adolphsen, V.A. Dolgashev, J.R. Lewandowski, C. Limborg-Deprey, S.P. Weathersby
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  A new X band RF Gun (Mark-0) has been assembled, tuned and is being tested in the ASTA facility at SLAC. This gun has been improved from an earlier gun used in Compton-scattering experiments at SLAC by the introduction of a racetrack dual-input coupler to reduce quadrupole fields. Waveguide-to-coupler irises were also redesigned to reduce surface magnetic fields and therefore peak pulse surface heating. Tests of this photocathode gun will allow us to gain early operational experience for beam tests of a new gun with further improvements (Mark-1) being prepared for SLAC’s X-Band Test Accelerator (XTA) program and the LLNL MegaRay program. Results of current testing up to ≈ 200 MV/m peak surface Electric fields will be presented.  
MOPPP046 RF Gun Photocathode Research at SLAC 664
  • E.N. Jongewaard, R. Akre, A. Brachmann, W.J. Corbett, S. Gilevich, K. Grouev, P. Hering, P. Krejcik, J.R. Lewandowski, H. Loos, T. M. Montagne, J. Sheppard, P. Stefan, A.E. Vlieks, S.P. Weathersby, F. Zhou
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  Funding: DOE contract DE-AC02-76SF00515.
LCLS is presently operating with a third copper photocathode in the original rf gun, with a quantum efficiency (QE) of ~1x10-4 and projected emittance eNx,y=0.45 μm at 250 pC bunch charge. The spare LCLS gun is installed in the SLAC Accelerator Structure Test Area (ASTA), processed to the design rf gradient of >120 MV/m. As part of a wider photocathode R&D program, a UV laser system and additional gun diagnostics are being installed at ASTA to measure QE, QE lifetime, and electron beam emittance under a variety of operating conditions. The near-term goals are to test and verify the spare photocathode production/installation sequence, including transfer from the final holding chamber to the rf gun. Mid- and longer-term goals include development of a rigorous understanding of plasma and laser-assisted surface conditioning and investigation of new, high-QE photocathode materials. In parallel, an x-ray photoemission spectroscopy station is nearing completion, to analyze Cu photocathode surface chemistry. In this paper we review the status and anticipated operating parameters of ASTA and the spectroscopy test chamber.
TUEPPB015 Generation of Narrow-Band Coherent Tunable Terahertz Radiation using a Laser-Modulated Electron Beam 1146
  • M.P. Dunning, C. Hast, E. Hemsing, R.K. Jobe, D.J. McCormick, J. Nelson, T.O. Raubenheimer, K. Soong, Z.M. Szalata, D.R. Walz, S.P. Weathersby, D. Xiang
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  Funding: Work supported by US DOE contract DE-AC02-76SF00515.
The technical layout and initial results of an experiment to generate narrow-band, coherent, tunable terahertz (THz) radiation through the down-conversion of the frequency of optical lasers using a laser-modulated electron beam are described. In this experiment a 120 MeV electron beam is first energy modulated by two lasers with different wavelengths. After passing through a dispersive section, the energy modulation is converted into a density modulation at THz frequencies. This density-modulated beam will be used to generate narrow-band THz radiation using a coherent transition radiator inserted into the beam path. The central frequency of the THz radiation can be tuned by varying the wavelength of one of the two lasers or the energy chirp of the electron beam. The experiment is being performed at the NLCTA at SLAC, and will utilize the existing Echo-7 beamline, where echo-enabled harmonic generation (EEHG) was recently demonstrated.
THPPC039 Study of RF Breakdown in Normal Conducting Cryogenic Structure 3368
  • V.A. Dolgashev, J.R. Lewandowski, D.W. Martin, S.G. Tantawi, S.P. Weathersby, A.D. Yeremian
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  Funding: *Work supported by DoE, Contract No. DE-AC02-76SF00515.
RF Breakdown experiments on short accelerating structures at SLAC have shown that properties of rf breakdown probability are reproducible for structures of the same geometry. At a given rf power and pulse shape, the rf breakdown triggers continuously and independently at a constant average rate. Hypotheses describing the properties of the rf breakdown probabilities involve defects of metal crystal lattices that move under forces caused by rf electric and magnetic fields. The dynamics of the crystal defects depend on the temperature of the structure. To study the dependence we designed and built an experimental setup that includes a cryogenically cooled single-cell, standing-wave accelerating structure. This cavity will be high power tested at the SLAC Accelerator Structure Test Area (ASTA).