|WEPPP014||Modeling of Quasi-phase Matching in an Aperiodic Corrugated Plasma Waveguide for High-efficiency Direct Laser Electron Acceleration||2750|
Funding: This work is supported by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency through contract HDTRA1-10-1-0034.
Direct laser acceleration (DLA) of charged particles using the axial electric field of a radially polarized intense laser pulse has the potential to realize a compact accelerator required in security and medical applications. The implementation of guided propagation of laser pulses over long distances and the phase matching between electrons and laser pulses may limit the performance of DLA in reality*. A corrugated plasma waveguide could be applied to extend the laser beam propagation distance and for quasi-phase matching between laser and electron pulses for net acceleration. To accelerate electrons from a low initial energy (for example, ~5 MeV from a photoinjector gun) up to hundreds of MeV, an aperiodic corrugated plasma waveguide with successive increase of on-axis density modulation period is needed**. We conducted particle-in-cell simulations to design the appropriate aperiodic plasma structure for DLA. For each section of the corrugated waveguide, the dependence of density modulation period on the initial electron energy and laser pulse intensity is investigated. The simulation results are guiding the design of proof-of-principle experiments for compact, tabletop DLA.
* P. Serafim, et al., IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28, 1155 (2000).
** J. P. Palastro, et al., Phys. Rev. E. 77, 036405 (2008).