Author: Ciovati, G.
Paper Title Page
WEPPC038 Status of the Short-Pulse X-ray Project at the Advanced Photon Source 2292
  • A. Nassiri, N.D. Arnold, T.G. Berenc, M. Borland, B. Brajuskovic, D.J. Bromberek, J. Carwardine, G. Decker, L. Emery, J.D. Fuerst, A.E. Grelick, D. Horan, J. Kaluzny, F. Lenkszus, R.M. Lill, J. Liu, H. Ma, V. Sajaev, T.L. Smith, B.K. Stillwell, G.J. Waldschmidt, G. Wu, B.X. Yang, Y. Yang, A. Zholents
    ANL, Argonne, USA
  • J.M. Byrd, L.R. Doolittle, G. Huang
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
  • G. Cheng, G. Ciovati, P. Dhakal, G.V. Eremeev, J.J. Feingold, R.L. Geng, J. Henry, P. Kneisel, K. Macha, J.D. Mammosser, J. Matalevich, A.D. Palczewski, R.A. Rimmer, H. Wang, K.M. Wilson, M. Wiseman
    JLAB, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  • Z. Li, L. Xiao
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  Funding: Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.
The Advanced Photon Source Upgrade (APS-U) Project at Argonne will include generation of short-pulse x-rays based on Zholents’* deflecting cavity scheme. We have chosen superconducting (SC) cavities in order to have a continuous train of crabbed bunches and flexibility of operating modes. In collaboration with Jefferson Laboratory, we are prototyping and testing a number of single-cell deflecting cavities and associated auxiliary systems with promising initial results. In collaboration with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, we are working to develop state-of-the-art timing, synchronization, and differential rf phase stability systems that are required for SPX. Collaboration with Advanced Computations Department at Stanford Linear Accelerator Center is looking into simulations of complex, multi-cavity geometries with lower- and higher-order modes waveguide dampers using ACE3P. This contribution provides the current R&D status of the SPX project.
* A. Zholents et al., NIM A 425, 385 (1999).
WEPPC091 A Path to Higher Q0 with Large Grain Niobium Cavities 2426
  • P. Dhakal, G. Ciovati, G.R. Myneni
    JLAB, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  The improvement of the quality factor Q0 of superconducting radio-frequency (SRF) cavities at medium accelerating gradients (~ 20 MV/m) is important in order to reduce the cryogenic losses in continuous wave accelerators for a variety of applications. In recent years, SRF cavities fabricated from ingot niobium have become a viable alternative to standard high-purity fine-grain Nb for the fabrication of high-performing SRF cavities with the possibility of significant cost reduction. Initial studies*,**, demonstrated the improvement of Q0 at medium field in cavities heat treated at 800-1000 °C without subsequent chemical etching. To further explore this treatment procedure, a new induction furnace with an all-niobium hot-zone was commissioned. A single-cell 1.5 GHz cavity fabricated from ingot material from CBMM, Brazil, with RRR~200, was heat treated with the new furnace in the temperature range 600-1400 °C for several hours. Residual resistance values below 5 nano Ω have been consistently achieved on this cavity as well as Q0 values above 4.5×1010 at 2 K and 100 mT peak surface magnetic field. Q0-values of the order of 1011 have been measured at 1.5 K.
* G. Ciovati, et al., Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 13, 022002 (2010).
** G. Ciovati, et al., Proc. of the 15th Int. Conf. on RF Superconductivity, Chicago, July 25-29, 2011, paper TUPO051