Author: Fernandes, M.F.
Paper Title Page
MOPF25 Cryogenic Current Comparator as Low Intensity Beam Current Monitor in the CERN Antiproton Decelerators 267
  • M.F. Fernandes, J. Tan
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • M.F. Fernandes, C.P. Welsch
    The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
  • M.F. Fernandes, C.P. Welsch
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  Funding: Work supported by the EU within the oPAC project under contract 289485.
In the low-energy Antiproton Decelerator (AD) and the future Extra Low ENergy Antiproton (ELENA) rings at CERN, an absolute measurement of the beam intensity is essential to monitor any losses during the deceleration and cooling phases. However, existing DC current transformers can hardly reach the μA level, while at the AD and ELENA currents can be as low as 100 nA. A Cryogenic Current Comparator (CCC) based on a superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) is currently being designed and shall be installed in the AD and ELENA machines. It should meet the following specifications: A current resolution smaller than 10 nA, a dynamic range covering currents between 100 nA and 1 mA, as well as a bandwidth from DC to 1 kHz. Different design options are being considered, including the use of low or high temperature superconductor materials, different CCC shapes and dimensions, different SQUID characteristics, as well as electromagnetic shielding requirements. In this contribution we present first results from a comparative analysis of different monitor options, taking into consideration the external electromagnetic sources at the foreseen device locations.
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