PAC'97 Home Page
Table of Contents

Session 9B. Applications of Accelerators.

9B001 Review of Compact Commercial Accelerator Products and Applications.
Y. Jongen (Ion Beam Applications S.A. (IBA))
9B002 A High Current Tandem Accelerator for Gamma-Resonance Contraband Detection
Bruce Milton (TRIUMF)
9B003 The Accelerator Production of Tritium (APT) Project*
Paul W. Lisowski (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
9B004 Commissioning of the 1 MW Spallation Neutron Source SINQ
G.S. Bauer (for the SINQ Operations Team), W.E. Fischer (Department for Solid State Research at Large Facilities), U. Schryber (for the PSI Accelertor Divisio n), E. Steiner (for the SINQ Project Team)
9B005 Synchrotrons and Beamlines for Proton Radiography
Filippo Neri, H. A. Thiessen, Peter Walstrom (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
9B006 Clinical Requirements and Accelerator Concepts for BNCT
Bernhard A. Ludewigt (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720)
9B007 Market Driven Design of Accelerator Systems for Sterilization of Medical Products.
K. Whitham (Titan Beta)
9B008 The GSI Cancer Therapy Project.
H. Eickhoff, TH. Haberer, G. Kraft, U. Krause, K. Poppensieker, M. Richter, R. Steiner (GSI)
9B009 A 3He^++ RFQ Accelerator for the Production of PET Isotopes
Ralph Pasquinelli (Fermilab), FERMILAB Collaborations
9B010 A New Intense Neutron Tool for Radiography and Detection of Water and Ground Contaminants
C.M. Celata, M. Amman, R. Donahue, K. Leung, P.N. Luke, L.T. Perkins, Peter T. Zawislanski (E.O. Lawrence Berkeley National L aboratory), E. Greenspan, D. Hua, Y. Kami (University of California at Berkeley)
9B011 Electron Linacs Based Radiation Facilities of Ukrainian National Science Center "KIPT"
A.N. Dovbnya, N.I. Aizatsky, Ye.Z. Biller, V.N. Boriskin, V.A. Kushnir, V.V. Mitrochenko, V.A. Popenko, Yu.D. Tur, V.L. Uvarov, E.S. Zlunitsyn, A.I. Zykov (NSC KIPT, Kharkov, Ukraine)

Session 9C. RF Systems.

9C001 Performance of the LEP2 SRF System
D. Boussard (CERN)
9C002 Overview of Advances in the Basic Understanding of Dark Current and Breakdown in RF Cavities
H. Padamsee (Cornell University)
9C003 Design of 250-MW cw rf system for APT
Daniel Rees (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
9C004 Development of X-Band Klystron Technology at SLAC
George Caryotakis (Stanford Linear Accelerator Center)
9C005 A New Generation of Gridded Tubes for Higher Power and Higher Frequencies.
G. Clerc, Ch. Robert, J.-P. Ichac (Thomson Tubes Electroniques)
9C006 Development of high-power ARES cavities
T. Kageyama, K. Akai, N. Akasaka, E. Ezura, H. Mizuno, F. Naito, H. Nakanishi, H. Sakai, Y. Takeuchi, Y. Yamazaki (KEK), T. Kobayashi (Institute of Applied Physics, Tsukuba Un iversity)
Progress in High Power Microwave Ferrite Circulators for Particle Accelerator Applications
E. Pivit, W. Arnold (Advanced Ferrite Technology)
9C008 Design of Three Re-Circulating Superconducting RF Accelerating Systems for a 4-TeV Muon Collider
Q-S. Shu (TJNAF), D. Neuffer (FNAL), S. Simrock (DESY)
9C009 Status and Developments of Superconducting Cavity for KEKB
Shinji Mitsunobu, K. Asano, T. Furuya, Y. Ishi, Y. Kijima, K. Sennyu, T. Tajima, T. Takahashi (KEK), S. Zhao (IHEP)
9C010 Design and Construction of a 500 kW CW, 400 MHz Klystron to be used as RF Power Source for LHC/RF Component Tests
H. Frischholz (CERN), W.R. Fowkes, C. Pearson (SLAC)
9C011 Superconducting Cavities for the APT Accelerator
Frank L. Krawczyk, Robert C. Gentzlinger, Debbie I. Montoya, Brian Rusnak, Alan H. Shapiro (LANL)
9C012 Test results on the 9-cell 1.3 GHz superconducting RF cavities for the TESLA Test Facility Linac
M. Pekeler (DESY, Notkestr. 85, 22603 Hamburg, Germany)

Session 9P. Beam Injection, Extraction, Transport and Targetry W, Insertion Devices, Other Subsystems, Beam Instrumentation (BPMs), Computer Codes X.

9P001 The IPNS Accelerator 50 MeV and 500 MeV Transfer Lines
J. C. Dooling (Argonne National Laboratory), G. E. McMichael, F. R. Brumwell (Argonne National Laboratory)
9P002 H^- Charge Exchange Injection into the NSNS Accumulator,
L.N. Blumberg, Y.Y. Lee (Brookhaven National Laboratory.)
9P003 The NSNS High Energy Beam Transport Line
D. Raparia, J. Alessi, Y. Y. Lee, A. G. Ruggiero, W. T. Weng (Brookhaven National Laboratory)
9P004 First Observation of the Deflection of a 33 TeV Pb Ion Beam in a Bent Silicon Crystal
K. Elsener, C. Biino, M. Clement, N. Doble, L. Gatignon, P. Grafstrom, U. Mikkelsen (CERN), A. Taratin (JINR, Dubna), S.P. M&Osla sh;ller, E. UggerhØj (ISA, Aarhus University)
9P005 Energy Dependence of Crystal Assisted Extraction at the CERN SPS
W. Herr, K. Elsener, G. Fidecaro, M. Gyr, J. Klem, E. Weisse (CERN)
9P006 Extraction of 22 TeV/c Lead Ions from the CERN SPS using a Bent Silicon Crystal
W. Herr, K. Elsener, G. Fidecaro, M. Gyr, J. Klem, E. Weisse (CERN)
9P007 Gabor Plasma Lens focossing for LEBT systems
J. Pozimski, R. Dölling, P. Gross, H. Klein (IAP-Frankfurt)
9P008 An Idea for Selection of Short-Lived Particles by a Focusing Crystal.
V. Biryukov (IHEP Protvino Russia)
9P009 An Idea for Studying a Multipass Crystal Extraction by the Energy Loss Detector.
V. Biryukov (IHEP Protvino Russia)
9P010 Expected Characteristics of the Nuclotron Beams for Experimental Setups
I.B. Issinsky, O.S. Kozlov, V.A. Mikhailov, P.A. Rukoyatkin, B.V. Vasilishin (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia)
9P011 Beam Injection into the Nuclotron
V.A. Mikhailov, V.N. Buldakovsky, V.I. Chernikov, I.B. Issinsky, A.D. Kovalenko, V.A. Monchinsky, S.A. Novikov, M.A. Voevodin, V.I. Volkov (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dub na, Russia)
9P012 Carbon Stripper Foils Used in the Los Alamos PSR
M. Borden, M.A. Plum (Los Alamos National Laboratory), I. Sugai (INS University of Tokyo)
9P013 LANSCE Short-Pulse Spallation Source Target Upgrade
J.B. Donahue, G.D. Baker, N.K. Bultman, T.O. Brun, P.D. Ferguson, R.J. Macek, M.M. Njegomir, M.A. Plum, J.E. Roberts, G.J. Russel, W.F. Sommer (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
9P014 Overview of the Bump-Magnet System at the Los Alamos Proton Storage Ring
C. R. Rose, D. B. Barlow, B. Blind, F. Neri, J. F. Power, P. L. Walstrom (LANL)
9P015 Design and Simulation Studies of a One-tenth Scale Final Focus System for Heavy Ion Fussion
X. Wu, R. C. York (NSCL, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824), R. Bangerter, A. Faltens, W. Fawley, D. Judd, E. Lee (LBNL, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720)
9P016 Tracking Studies and Performance Simulations of the NSCL A1900 Fragment Separator
X. Wu, D. J. Morrissey, B. M. Sherrill, R. C. York, A. F. Zeller (National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State Unive rsity, East Lansing, MI 48824)
9P017 Measurements on Injection Property in HIMAC Synchrotron
K. Noda, M. Kanazawa, E. Takada, N. Araki, S. Sato, S. Yamada (National Institute of Radiological Sciences), A. Itano (Hyogo Prefectural Government), T. Nomura , T. Kohno (Tokyo Institute of Technology)
9P018 Predicted Foil Temperatures in the Brookhaven NSNS Accumulator Ring
J.P. Duke (Rutherford Appleton Laboratory,CLRC,UK)
9P019 An Electromagnetic Micro-Undulator with Millimeter-Size Period
A. Nassiri, L.R. Turner (Argonne National Laboratory)
9P020 A Superconducting Wiggler Magnet for the NSLS X-Ray Ring.
E.B. Blum, D.R. Lynch, P. Mortazavi, O.V. Singh, W. Thomlinson, M.H. Woodle (Brookhaven National Laboratory), A.J. Broadbent, M.C. Coates, S.R. Milward, E.J. F. Moor, K.D. Smith (Oxford Instruments Accelerator Technology Group)
9P021 Magnetic Measurements on an In-Vacuum Undulator for the NSLS X-Ray Ring
G. Rakowsky, J.J. Aspenleiter, W.S. Graves, L. Solomon, P.M. Stefan (NSLS, Brookhaven National Laboratory)
9P022 Siberian Snakes for Electron Storage Rings
Yuri Shatunov, Vadim Ptitsin (BINP, Novosibirsk, Russia)
9P023 The Magnetic Design of a High Field Permanent Magnet Multipole Wiggler for the SRS.
Jim Clarke (CLRC Daresbury Laboratory, UK.)
Resorting the NIST Undulator using Simulated Annealing for Field Error Reduction
G. Denbeaux, L.E. Johnson, J.M.J. Madey, K.D. Straub (Duke University)
NIST Undulator Magnetic Field Characterization
L.E. Johnson, G. Denbeaux, J.M.J. Madey, K.D. Straub (Duke University)
9P026 Recent developments of Insertion Devices at ESRF
Joel Chavanne, Pascal Elleaume, Pierre VanVaerenbergh (ESRF)
9P027 Computing 3D Magnetic Fields from Insertion Devices
Pascal Elleaume, Oleg Chubar, Joel Chavanne (ESRF)
9P028 Development of an In-Vacuum Minipole Undulator
Toshi Tanabe, H. Kitamura (JAERI-RIKEN SPring-8 Project Team), P. Stefan (NSLS-BNL)
9P029 Spontaneous Emission Properties of a Novel Short-Period Twisted Undulator
A.V. Smirnov, A.S. Khlebnikov (RRC 'Kurchatov Institute')
9P030 Design of an Elliptical Undulator and X-ray Beam Line at DSR of RIKEN RI Beam Factory Project
Masanori Wakasugi (RIKEN), Takeshi Katayama (INS, University of Tokyo)
9P031 Operation of Insertion Devices in ELETTRA and Plans for Future Devices
R.P. Walker, B. Diviacco, D. Zangrando (Sincrotrone Trieste)
9P032 Design of an Electromagnetic Elliptical Wiggler for ELETTRA
R.P. Walker, D. Bulfone, B. Diviacco, P. Michelini, L. Tosi, R. Visintini (Sincrotrone Trieste), G. Ingold, F. Schaefers, M. Scheer, G. Wuestefeld (BESSY), M. Eriksson, S. Werin (MAX-lab)
9P033 Linear Beam Dynamics Effects of Three Dimensional Static Magnetic Fields of Insertion Devices at SRRC
Peace Chang, C.C. Kuo, Chaoen Wang, M.H. Wang (Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan, R.O.C. ), C.S. Hsue (Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan, R.O.C.)
9P034 Magnet Sorting Algorithms for a Prototype of EPU for SRRC
Tai ching Fan (Synchrotron Radiation Research Center), Ching Shiang Hwang, Cheng Hsiang Chang
9P035 Insertion Devices Control Development at SRRC
K.T. Pan, Jenny Chen, J.S. Chen, C.J. Wang, C.S. Chen, K.H. Hu, Chaoen Wang, C.H. Chang, C.S. Hwang, T.C. Fan, K.T. Hsu (SRRC,TAIWAN)
9P036 Design and Construction of a 1-MW, 352-MHz RF Test Load
D. Horan, Y. Kang, R. Kustom (Argonne National Laboratory)
9P037 Design and Construction of the Advanced Photon Source 352-MHz RF System Switching Control
D. Horan, L. Solita, D. Reigle (Argonne National Laboratory)
9P038 Supports and Installation System of the RHIC Superconducting Magnets
Rudy Alforque (Brookhaven National Laboratory), Tom Muller, Steve Kane, Frank Karl, Gary McIntyre, Ray Savino, Jack Sondericker (Brookhaven Nation al Laboratory)
9P039 Proposed Systems Layout of the Low-\beta Insertions for the LHC Experiments
R. Ostojic, S. Weisz (CERN)
9P040 Higher Order Modes Power Loss in the Vertical Separators at CESR
Shlomo Greenwald (Cornell University)
9P041 Photocurrents in Electrostatic Separators at CESR
Shlomo Greenwald (Cornell University)
9P042 REC Quadrupole's Beam Pipe Temperature Control at CESR
Zipi Greenwald, Shlomo Greenwald, David Rice (Cornell University)
9P043 Improved Measurement of Electric Field Uniformity in Horizontal Electrostatic Separators
Alexander B. Temnykh, James J. Welch (Cornell University)
Commissioning and Performance of Low Impedance Electrostatic Separators for High Luminosity at CESR
James J. Welch, Weiran Lou, Gerald W. Codner (Cornell University)
Industrial controls for DESY utilities using PLCs and EPICS
Peter Jensen, Olaf Krebs, Matthias Clausen (DESY, Hamburg)
9P046 Transverse and Longitudinal Impedance Measurements for the RKTBA Induction Accelerating Gap
S. Eylon, E. Henestroza, J.-S. Kim (FAR), T. Houck, G. Westenskow (LLNL), S. Yu (LBNL)
9P047 Stack Insulator Induction Gaps
J.-S. Kim, S. Eylon, E. Henestroza (FAR), S. Yu (LBNL)
9P048 Permanent Magnet Assembly Tooling for the 8 GeV Transfer Line and Recycler Ring at Fermilab
T.H. Nicol, A.B. Knauf (FNAL)
9P049 A Distributed Monitoring and Control System
Jerzy Nogiec, Ed Desavouret, Darryl Orris, Jim Pachnik, Sergei Sharonov, Jim Sim (Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory)
9P050 Pulsed Magnetic Field Measurement System
William Pellico, Patrick Colestock (FNAL)
9P051 Resonant Ring For Testing of Accelerator RF Windows
E. Gerken (Los Alamos National Laboratory), J. M. Gahl (University of New Mexico), D. Rees, W. Roybal (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
9P052 Beam Expansion with Specified Final Distributions
Andrew J. Jason, Barbara Blind (Los Alamos National Laboratory), Klaus Halbach (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)
9P053 Development of a Fast Traveling-Wave Beam Chopper for National Spallation Neutron Source.
Sergey S. Kurennoy, Andrew J. Jason, Frank L. Krawczyk (LANL)
9P054 Design of Quasi-Travelling Wave Pinger Magnet for Beam Diagnostics on the Advanced Light Source
D.E. Anderson, G. Stover, W. Thur (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)
9P055 TiN Coating of Accelerator Beamline Chambers
K.N. Leung, R.A. Gough, A. Mashaw, Y. Lee, D. Wutte (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)
Breakdown Studies for Induction Accelerators Gaps under Burst Mode Operation
Glen Westenskow (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory), David Anderson (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)
9P057 Ramping Efficiency Studies in the LNLS Synchrotron Light Source
R.H.A. Farias, L.C. Jahnel, Liu Lin, A.R.D. Rodrigues, P.F. Tavares, D. Wisnivesky (Laboratório Nacional de Luz Síncrotron LNLS, Campinas Brazil)
9P058 Power Factor Correction at MIT-Bates Linear Accelerator Center with Pulsed Loads of up to 180\thinspace MW Peak (2.7\thinspace MW Average)
R. Averill, C. Sibley, K. Hatch (MIT-Bates Linear Accelerator Center), R. Gr oss (PLM, Inc.)
9P059 Harmonic Resonance Analysis for PEP II Power Factor Control Upgrades
C. Corvin (SLAC)
9P060 A Dynamic Local Bump System for Producing Synchrotron Radiation with an Alternate Elliptical Polarization
K. T. Hsu, K. K. Lin, C. H. Kuo, K. H. Hwu, C. S. Chen, J. S. Chen, J. Chen, C. T. Chen (SRRC)
Statistical Analysis of Cavity RF Faults
J.F. Benesch (Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Lab))
Comparison of Cavity Input Q Measurements via Power Balance
J.F. Benesch (Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Lab))
9P063 Interactive Troubleshooting Guide for Accelerators
Robert Legg, Bruce Dunham, Scott Higgins, Reza Kazimi, David Kehne, Thomas Oren (Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility)
9P064 A Method of Producing Surface Conduction on Ceramic Accelerator Components Using Metal Ion Implantation
F. Liu, I. Brown (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory), L. Phillips, G. Biallas, T. Siggins (Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility)
9P065 Runtime Accelerator Configuration Tools at Jefferson Laboratory
M.G. Tiefenback, L. Doolittle, J. Benesch (Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility)
9P066 High Power Electron Beam Dumps at CEBAF
M. Wiseman, C.K. Sinclair, R. Whitney (Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility), R. Vetterlein
9P067 Non-intrusive Diagnosis of Individual Cell Frequencies in a Coupled Cavity Chain
Yi Ni (Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China), D.Ch. Tong, B. Tian, Q.X. Jin, Y.Zh. Huang
9P068 A New Measurement Method of the Delay Line Length in the X-band Delay Line Distribution System(DLDS)
F. Tamura (University of Tokyo), H. Mizuno (KEK)
9P069 Performance of the Upgraded NSLS Beam Position Monitors
Roman Nawrocky, John Keane (NSLS)
9P070 Comparison of Beam-Position-Transfer Functions using Circular Beam-Position Monitors
J. D. Gilpatrick (LANL),
9P071 A Compact Beam Position Monitor for the Fermilab Main Injector
James A. Fitzgerald (Fermilab)
9P072 Upgrade of the BPM System for the BEPC Storage Ring
Li Ma, Ping Shi (Institute of High Energy Physics)
9P073 Bunch Shape Monitors For The Desy H-Minus Linac
A.V. Feschenko, A.V. Liiou, A.N Mirzojan, A.A. Menshov, P.N. Ostroumov (Institute for Nuclear Research, Moscow 117312, Russia), N. Holtkamp, M. Nagl, I. Peperkorn (DES Y, Notkestr.85, 22603 Hamburg)
9P074 Design and Commissioning of Beam Position Monitors for the IUCF Cooler Injector Synchrotron
M.S. Ball, D Bilodeau, B.J Hamilton (Indiana University Cyclotron Facility, Bloomington, IN)
9P075 Measurement of Injection Orbit using a Single Pass BPM System at the PF Ring
T. Honda, M. Katoh, A. Ueda, M. Tadano, Y. Kobayashi, T. Mitsuhashi (KEK,National Laboratory for High Energy Physics)
9P076 Calibration for KEKB Beam Position Monitors
K. Satoh, M. Tejima (KEK)
9P077 The LEDA Beam Position Measurement System
C. R. Rose, J. D. Gilpatrick, M. W. Stettler (LANL)
9P078 Orbit Measurement and Correction in the LNLS Synchrotron Light Source
A.R. Rodrigues, R.H.A. Farias, L.C. Jahnel, Liu Lin, D. Macedo, P.F. Tavares (Laboratório Nacional de Luz Síncrotron LNLS, Campinas Brazil)
9P079 Real Time Dispersion Measurements at the MIT-Bates Linac
K. Jacobs, S. Bradley, A. Carter, B. McAllister, C. Sibley, F. Wang (MIT-Bates Linear Accelerator Center)
9P080 Beam Size Effects on Beam Position Measurements in Proton Synchrotron
T. Nakagawa, H. Harada (Mitsubishi Electric Corporation)
9P081 Two Frequencies Cavities for Beam Position Monitor.
N.P. Sobenin, V.E. Kaljuzhny, D.V. Kostin, O.S. Milovanov, S.N. Ivanov (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute, Russia.), N. Holtkamp, M. Dohlus (Deutsches Elektrone n Synchrotron)
9P082 Beam-Based Offset Calibration of the PLS BPM,
J.Y. Huang, D.H. Jung, S.H. Nam, M. Yoon, I.S. Ko (Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, POSTECH, KOREA)
9P083 Calibration of the Beam-Position Monitor System for the SLAC PEP-II B Factory.
R. Johnson, S. Smith, N. Kurita (SLAC, Stanford, CA), K. Kishiyama (LLNL, Livermore, CA), J. Hinkson (LBNL, Berkeley, CA.)
9P084 A Two-Bunch Beam Position Monitor.
E. Medvedko, R. Aiello, S. Smith (Stanford Linear Accelerator Center)
9P085 Effect of TE Mode Power on the PEP-II LER BPM System.
Cho-K. Ng, Stephen R. Smith (SLAC), John Corlett (LBL)
9P086 Detection of Beam Induced Dipole-Mode Signals in the SLC S-Band Structures
M. Seidel, C. Adolphsen, R. Assmann, D.H. Whittum (Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Stanford CA 94309, U.S.A.)
9P087 Beam Position Monitor System for PEP-II
Stephen R. Smith, G. Roberto Aiello, Linda J. Hendrickson, Ronald G. Johnson, Mark R. Mills, Jeff J. Olsen (SLAC)
9P088 Optical Measurement Resolution and BPM Errors
Yu-Chiu Chao (Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility)
9P089 1 nA Beam Position Monitoring System
R. Ursic, M. Piller (Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility)
9P090 First Operating Experiences of Beam Position Monitors in the TESLA Test Facility Linac
R. Lorenz (TU Berlin, Einsteinufer 17, 10587 Berlin, Germany), M. Sachwitz, H.J. Schreiber, F. Tonisch (DESY-IfH Zeuthen, Platan enalle 6, 15738 Zeuthen, Germany), M. Castellano, P. Patteri, F. Tazzioli (INFN-LNF, Via E. Fermi 40, I-00044 Frascati, Italy), L. Catani (INFN-ROMA2, Via Ricerca Scientifica 1, I-00133 Roma, Italy)
9P091 Beam Position Monitors inside the FEL-Undulator at the TESLA Test Facility Linac
R. Lorenz, H. Henke (TU Berlin, Einsteinufer 17, 10587 Berlin, Germany), T. Kamps (DESY-IfH Zeuthen, Platanenallee 6, 15738 Zeuthen, G ermany), U. Hahn, M. Wendt (DESY Hamburg, Notkestrasse 85, 22 Hamburg, Germany)
9P092 The Closed Orbit Measurement System at the DELTA Synchrotron Radiation Facility and First Investigations Concerning the Installation of a Beam Based BPM Calibration System
A. Jankowiak, K. Wille (University of Dortm und, Germany, Institute for Accelerator Physics and Synchrotron Radiation)
9P093 Development of a Resistive Beam Position/Current Monitor for the UMD Electron Ring
H. Suk, J. G. Wang, S. Bernal, M. Reiser (Institute for Plasma Research, University of Maryland,)
9P094 Performance of the Single-pass Position Monitor at SOR-RING
Hirofumi Kudo, Kenji Shinoe, Hiroyuki Takaki, Tadashi Koseki, Norio Nakamura, Yukihide Kamiya (ISSP, the University of Tokyo), Tohru Honda (Photon Factory, National Laboratory for High Energy Physics)
9P095 Tracking Routines for General Insertion Devices
M. Scheer, G. Wüstefeld (BESSY, Germany)
Tracking Tunes with Wavelets
Arnold Stillman (Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY)
Simulation of electron guns with the cathode in strong magnetic field.
A.V. Grudiev, D.G. Myakishev (Budker INP, Novosibirsk, Russia), V.P. Yakovlev (Omega-P Inc., New Heven, CT (on leave from Budker INP))
9P098 Simulation of Multipacting in RF cavities and waveguides.
A.V. Grudiev, D.G. Myakishev (Budker INP, Novosibirsk, Russia), V.P. Yakovlev (Omega-P Inc., New Heven, CT (on leave from Budker INP))
9P099 Consideration of DC Space Charge Effects in the Modal Analysis of Aperture Coupled-Cavities
A. Jöstingmeier, M. Dohlus (DESY), C. Rieckmann, A.S. Omar (TUHH)
9P100 A Self-Consistent Beam Loaded Travelling Wave Accelerator Model for use in TRACE-3D
M.C. Lampel (G.H. Gillespie Associates, Inc.)
9P101 Monte Carlo Simulation of Nonlaminar DC Beam Transport Including the Influence of Self-Fields
G. Zapalac (Imatron Inc., So. San Francisco, CA.)
9P102 Use of the LANA Code for the Design of a Heavy Ion Linac
P.N. Ostroumov, D.V. Gorelov (INR-Moscow), R.E. Laxdal (TRIUMF)
Simulation of Fast Beam-ion Instability Based on Bassetti-Erskine Formula
X.L. Zhang (Graduate University of Advanced Studies), K. Yokoya, S. Kurokawa, H. Fukuma (KEK, National Laboratory for High Energy Physics)
Comparison of C++ and Fortran 90 for scientific computing
Julian C. Cummings (Advanced Computing Laboratory,\ Los Alamos National Laboratory,\ Los Alamos, NM 87545-0287), John R. Cary, Svetlana G. Shasharina (Center for Integrated Plasma Studies\ and Department of Physics,\ University of Colorado,\ Boulder, CO 80309-0390 and Tech-X Corporation,\ www, John V. W. Reynders (Advanced Computing Laboratory,\ Los Alamos National Laboratory,\ Los Alamos, NM 8754 5-0287), Paul J. Hinker (Dakota Scientific Software, Inc.,\ 501 East Saint Joseph Street,\ Rapid City, SD 57701)
IMPACT: An Integrated-Map amp; Particle Accelerator Tracking Code for Linac Simulation
Robert Ryne (AOT Division), Salman Habib (Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory)
9P106 Relativistic Klystron Two-Beam Accelerator Simulation Code Development
Steven Lidia (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory), Robert Ryne (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
9P107 Measured and Theoretical Characterization of the RF Properties of Stacked, High-Gradient Insulator Material
T. L. Houck, George Caporaso, C. C. Shang, S. E. Sampayan, N. E. Molau (Lawrence Livermore National Laborat ory), M. L. Krogh (Allied Signal Corp)
9P108 Wake Properties of a Stripline Beam Kicker
Brian Poole, George Caporaso, W. C. Ng (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)
9P109 BBU Design of Linear Induction Accelerator Cells for Radiography Application
C. C. Shang, George Caporaso, Y.-J. Chen, T. L. Houck, N. E. Molau (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory), J. Fockler (PSI)
RESOLVE Upgrades for On-Line Lattice Error Analysis
M. Lee, J. Corbett, G. White (SLAC), Y. Zambre (SRI)
Dark Current Simulation for Linear Collider Accelerator Structures
C.-K. Ng, Z. Li, X. Zhan, V. Srinivas, J. Wang, K. Ko (SLAC)
Parallel Eigensolvers for Modeling Large Accelerator Structures.
V. Srinivas, X. Zhan, C.-K. Ng, Z. Li, K. Ko (SLAC)
9P113 A Flexible-Variable Truncated Power Series Algebra in Zlib
Y.T. Yan (SLAC)
9P114 Aperture Calculation of AURORA-2D Compact Electron Storage Ring with Superconducting Wigglers
H. Tsutsui, T. Takayama, T. Hori (Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd.)
9P115 Numerical Simulation and RF Model Measurements of the New GSI IH-DTL
B. Krietenstein, T. Weiland (TH Darmstadt, Germany), U. Ratzinger, R. Tiede (GSI, Darmstadt, Germany), S. A. Minaev (MEPI, Moscow, Russia)
9P116 Broad-Band Impedance of LHC Shielded Bellows
M. D'yachkov (TRIUMF), F. Ruggiero (CERN)
Calculation of Microwave Instability Threshold
W.H. Huang (Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China)
9P118 GdfidL: A Finite Difference Program with Reduced Memory and CPU Usage
Warner Bruns (Technische Universität Berlin)
9P119 Expression Templates for Truncated Power Series
John R. Cary (Center for Integrated Plasma Studies\ and Department of Physics, University of Colorado 80309-0390), Svetlana G. Shasharina (Tech-X Corporation, www.txco
New Integration Methods for Longitudinal Beam-Cavity Systems
Peter Stoltz, John R. Cary (University of Colorado)
9P121 A field-cancellation algorithm for constructing economical planar permanent magnet (PM) multipoles with large high-quality field apertures
Roman Tatchyn (Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, Stanford Linear Ac celerator Center, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94309 USA)
Conceptual and Experimental Feasibility Study of a Superconductive Micro-Undulator
T Hezel (FZK Karlsruhe), R. Rossmanith, H. O. Krevet (FZK Karlsruhe, Germany), Moser

Session 9V. Other Single-Particle Beam Dynamics, Space Charge 2, High-Current Dynamics.

9V001 Some Results of the Advanced Photon Source Beam Lifetime Studies
H. M. Bizek (Argonne National Laboratory)
9V002 The Extended Touschek Lifetime
H. M. Bizek (Argonne National Laboratory)
9V003 "Integrable accelerator" structure for round beams with soliton-like force.
V.V. Danilov (Budker INP, Novosibirsk)
9V004 Wavelet Approach to Accelerator Problems, III. Metaplectic Wavelets and Routes to Chaos.
M.G. Zeitlin, A.N. Fedorova (Institute of Problems of Mechanical Engineering, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia), Z. Parsa ( Brookhaven National Laboratory, Physics Dept., USA)
9V005 Wavelet Approach to Accelerator Problems, II. Homoclinic loops and Chaos.
M.G. Zeitlin, A.N. Fedorova (Institute of Problems of Mechanical Engineering, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia), Z. Parsa (Brookhaven Nati onal Laboratory, Physics Dept., USA)
9V006 Wavelet Approach to Accelerator Problems, I. Polynomial Dynamics.
M.G. Zeitlin, A.N. Fedorova (Institute of Problems of Mechanical Engineering, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia), Z. Parsa (Brookhaven National Lab oratory, Physics Dept., USA)
Wavelet Approach to Accelerator Problems, V. Discretization.
M.G. Zeitlin, A.N. Fedorova (Institute of Problems of Mechanical Engineering, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia), Z. Parsa (Brookhaven National Laborato ry, Physics Dept., USA)
Wavelet Approach to Accelerator Problems, IV. Symplectic Topology and Symplectic Scales.
M.G. Zeitlin, A.N. Fedorova (Institute of Problems of Mechanical Engineering, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia), Z. Parsa ( Brookhaven National Laboratory, Physics Dept., USA)
9V009 Some Interaction Peculiarities of Relativistic Particles with UHF Electric Field of High Intensity at Large Distances
V.O. Naidenov, O.P. Korovin, E.O. Popov, I.V. Rozova (A.F. Ioffe Physical Technical Institute Rus sian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia)
RF Focusing in Traveling Wave Accelerating Structures.
Vladimir Kushnir, Mikola Ayzatsky, Viktor Mitrochenko (NSC Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology, Kharkov, Ukraine)
9V011 Longitudinal Nonlinear Dynamics Studies at the ALS.
J.M. Byrd, W.-H. Cheng (LBNL), F. Zimmermann (SLAC)
9V012 Transverse and Longitudinal Energy Acceptance and Touschek Lifetime Calculations for the SOLEIL Project
G. Flynn (LURE-Orsay), J.-L. LaClare (SOLEIL), M.-P Level, A. Nadji (LURE-Orsay), P. Nghiem, J. Payet (CEA-Sacl ay)
9V013 Simulations of Non-linear Beam Dynamics Effects due to an Electromagnetic Elliptical Wiggler
R.P. Walker, B. Diviacco, L. Tosi (Sincrotrone Trieste), G. Wuestefeld, M. Scheer (BESSY), S. Werin (MAX-lab)
9V014 Dispersion in the Presence of Strong Transverse Wakefields
Ralph Assmann, Alex Chao (SLAC)
9V015 Image Effects on Particle Beams in Cylindrical Pipes
Christopher K. Allen (Techno-Sciences, Inc. 10001 Derekwood Lane, Suite 204 Lanham, Maryland 20706), Martin Reiser (Institute for Plasma Research University of Ma ryland College Park, Maryland 20742)
Chaotic Dynamics Generated by Space-Charge Waves in Cyclotron Resonance Accelerators
Felipe Rizzato, Tibério Caetano (Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil), Renato Pak ter (Plasma Fusion Center - MIT)
9V017 A Multimedia Tutorial for Charged-Particle Beam Dynamics
Richard R. Silbar (WhistleSoft, Inc.(168 Dos Brazos, Los Alamos, NM 87544))
9V018 Theory of Longitudinal Beam Halo in RF Linacs: 1. Effects of Transverse/Longitudinal Coupling
John J. Barnard, Steven M. Lund (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)
9V019 A Novel Design for a High Power Superconducting Delay Line
Yu Ju Chen, George Caporaso (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)
9V020 Theory of Longitudinal Beam Halo in RF Linacs: 2. Effects of Nonlinear RF Focusing
Steven M. Lund, John J. Barnard (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)
Transverse-Control Algorithms for a Small Recirculating Heavy-Ion Accelerator
W. M. Sharp, G. W. Kamin (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)
9V022 ETA-II Experiments for Determining Advanced Radiographic Capabilities of Induction Linacs
John Weir, George Caporaso, John Clark, Hugh Kirbie, Y.-J. Chen, S. M. Lund, G. A. Westenskow, A. C. Paul (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)
9V023 Self-Pinched Transport Theory for the SABRE Ion Diode
Dale R. Welch (Mission Research Corporation), Craig L. Olson, David L. Hanson (Sandia National Laboratories)
Heavy Ion Beam Halo: Theory and Experiment
C. Chen, Y. Fink (MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center), R.C. Davidson (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory), S. Yu, S. Eylon (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)
Beam Halo Formation
Y. Fink, C. Chen (MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center)
9V026 Emittance Growth and Particle Diffusion Induced by Discrete-Particle Effects
Renato Pakter, C. Chen (MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center)
Perturbative Particle Simulation of Space-Charged Dominated Beams
P. H. Stoltz, W. W. Lee, R. C. Davidson (Princeton Plasma Physics Labortaory, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08543)
9V028 Prevention of Halo Formation in High Brightness Beam
Y.K. Batygin (RIKEN)
9V029 New Classes of Uniform Distributions for Charged Particle Beam in Longitudinal Magnetic Field
Dmitri Ovsyannikov, Oleg Drivotin (SPbSU)
9V030 The Calculation, Simulation, and Measurement of Longitudinal Beam Dynamics in Electron Injectors
B. Dunham, H. Liu (Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility)
Longitudinal Beam Dynamics with Space Charge in an FEL Driver Accelerator
Lia Merminga, Geoffrey A. Krafft, D. X. Wang, Byung C. Yunn (Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility)
9V032 Emittance Compensation in a Flat Beam RF Photoinjector
J.B. Rosenzweig, S. Anderson (UCLA), E. Colby (UCLA/Fermilab), L. Serafini (UCLA/INFN)
9V033 Beam Dynamics a Integrated Plane Wave Transformer Photoinjector at S- and X- band
J.B. Rosenzweig, X. Ding, X. Pellegrini (UCLA), L. Serafini (UCLA/INFN), D. Yu (DULY Research)
9V034 Stability and Halo Formation in Axisymmetric Intense Beams.
Robert L. Gluckstern (Univ. of Maryland), Sergey S. Kurennoy (LANL)
9V035 KV Beam in a Dispersive Channel.
Marco Venturini (Dept. of Physics, University of Maryland), Martin Reiser (Intitute for Plasma Research, University of Maryland)
Transport of Space-Charge Dominated Electron Beams in a Printed-Circuit Quadrupole Channel
S. Bernal, Y. Li, M. Reiser, H. Suk, J. G. Wang, Y. Zou (Institute for Plasma Research, University of Maryland), T. Godlove (FM Technologies, Inc.,)
9V037 Longitudinal Focusing of Space-Charge Dominated Beams in the UMD Electron Ring
J. J. Deng, J. G. Wang, M. Reiser (Institute for Plasma Research, University of Maryland,), T. Godlove (FM Technologies, Inc.,)
9V038 Injector Design for a Model Electron Ring at the University of Maryland
T. Godlove, S. Bernal, J.J. Deng, Y. Li, M. Reiser, J.G. Wang, Y. Zou (Institute for Plasma Research, University of Maryland)
9V039 High Beam Current Handling and its Cures in the JHP Synchrotrons
S. Machida, Y. Mori, C. Ohmori, Y. Ishi, S. Shibuya, M. Tomizawa (INS, University of Tokyo)
9V040 Parasitic Energy Loss in the LEP Superconducting Cavities
A. Hofmann, G. Arduini, O. BrÜning, G. Cavallari, P. Gayet, E. Haebel, M. Jimenez, O. Meincke, G. Morpurgo, G. Roy, H. Schmickler, J. Uythoven, A. Wagne r, B. Zotter (CERN)
9V041 Transmission Line Analysis of Beam Deflection in a BPM Stripline Kicker
George Caporaso, Yu-Ju Chen, Brian Poole (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)
9V042 Space-Charge Forces of a DC beam in a Continuous Bend
Y.-J. Chen (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory), S. Gregory (Bechtel Corporation)
9V043 Diode and Final Focus Simulations for DARHT
Thomas P. Hughes, Dale R. Welch (Mission Research Corporation), Randolph L. Carlson (Los Alamos National Laboratory)
9V044 Influence of Ion Channel on Electron Beam Propagation
Han S. Uhm (Naval Surface Warfare Center)
9V045 Simulations of Bunch Precompression at High Currents in the SLC Damping Rings
K.L.F. Bane, M.G. Minty, A.W. Chao (SLAC)
9V046 Measurement of the Longitudinal Wakefield in the SLAC Linac.
K.L.F. Bane, F.-J. Decker, J.T. Seeman, F. Zimmermann (SLAC)
Closed Form Expression for the Effect of a Beam Scraper on the transverse Beam Distributions
P. Raimondi, F.J. Decker, C.K. Ng (SLAC)
9V048 Analytic Expressions for Longitudinal Schottky Spectra from Beams with Gaussian Energy Distribution
V. Ziemann (The Svedberg Laboratory, S-75121 Uppsala, Sweden)

Session 9W. Proton Synchrotrons and Storage Rings, Electron Linacs.

3-D Simulation Study of Injection and Acceleration in the Argonne 1-MW Neutron Spallation Source
Y.-C. Chae, E. Crosbie, Y. Cho (Argonne National Laboratory)
9W002 Anomolous, Intensity Dependent Losses in Au^+32 Beams
Michael Blaskiewicz, Leif Ahrens, Humberto Calvani (Brookhaven National Laboratory)
Construction, Shimming and Initial Operation of the Brookhaven Ultraprecise g - 2 Storage Ring.
G. Danby (for the Muon g - 2 Collaboration. Brookhaven National Laboratory, Boston University, Cornell University, Fair field University, University of Heidelberg, University of Illinois, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Max Planck Institute, University of Minnesota, Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, KEK, Riken, Yale University)
9W004 Mini-Bunching the AGS Slow External Beam
JW Glenn, L Ahrens, T Hayes (BNL), R Lee (UC-Irvine)
9W005 Micro-Bunching the AGS Slow External Beam
JW Glenn, JM Brennan, L Littenberg, J Rose, C Woody, A Zaltsman (BNL), P Bergbusch (TRIUMF), D Majka (YALE)
9W006 The Lattice of the NSNS Accumulator Ring
A.G. Ruggiero (Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973)
9W007 Accumulator Ring Design for the NSNS Project,
W.T. Weng, J. Alessi, M. Blaskiewicz, L. Blumberg, J.M. Brennan, Y.Y. Lee, A. Luccio, H. Ludewig, D. Maletic, D. Raparia, A. Ruggiero, S.Y. Zhang (Brookhaven National La boratory.)
9W008 Combined Longitudinal and Transverse Multiturn Injection in a Heavy Ion Accumulator
C. Carli, S. Maury, D. MÖhl (CERN)
9W009 The Antiproton Decelerator: AD
S. Maury, S. Baird, D. Berlin, J. Boillot, J. Bosser, M. Brouet, J. Buttkus, F. Caspers, V. Chohan, D. Dekkers, T. Eriksson, R. Garoby, R. Giannini, O. GrÖbner, J. Gruber, J.Y. He mery, H. Koziol, R. Maccaferri, C. Metzger, K. Metzmacher, D. MÖhl, H. Mulder, M. Paoluzzi, F. Pedersen, J.P. Riunaud, C. Serre, D.J. Simon, G. Tranquille, J. Tuyn, B. Williams (CERN)
9W010 Overview of the Recent Operation of the AAC and LEAR for the Low-energy Antiproton Physics Programme
S. Maury, S. Baird, J. Boillot, F. Caspers, M. Chanel, V. Chohan, T. Eriksson, R. Ley, C. Metzger, D. MÖhl, H . Mulder, F. Pedersen, G. Tranquille (CERN)
9W011 Conversion of the PS Complex as LHC Proton Pre-Injector
K. Schindl, R. Cappi, V. Chohan, D. Cornuet, G. Daems, D. Dekkers, R. Garoby, D. Grier, J. Gruber, E. Jensen, H. Koziol, A. Krusche, K.D. Metzmacher, J. Peders en, F. Pedersen, U. Raich, J.P. Riunaud, J.P. Royer, M. Sassowsky, H. SchÖnauer, M. Thivent, H. Ullrich, F. VÖlker (CERN)
9W012 The Proton Synchrotron DESY III
W. Ebeling, J.R. Maidment (DESY)
9W013 Status of the European Spallation Source Design Study
H. Lengeler (ESS/CERN)
9W014 Intensity Limitations in the FNAL Main Injector,
W. Chou (FNAL)
9W015 The Design of a \gamma_t-Jump System for the FNAL Main Injector,
W. Chou, B.C. Brown, S. Fang, J. Leibfritz, K.-Y. Ng, H. Pfeffer, I. Terechkine (FNAL)
9W016 Design and Simulation of the Antiproton Recycler Lattice
N. Gelfand, S.D. Holmes, J.A. Holt, D.E. Johnson, L. Michelotti, C.S. Mishra (Fermilab)
9W017 An Imaginary-\gamma_t Lattice with Dispersion-Free Straights for the 50 GeV High-Intensity Proton Synchrotron
K.Y. Ng (Fermilab)
9W018 Multiple Injections with Barrier Bucket
K.Y. Ng (Fermilab)
9W019 The Fermilab Accumulator Ring Lattice Upgrade
S. O'Day, M. Church (Fermilab)
9W020 Intensity Upgrade Studies at the KEK-PS
Hikaru Sato, Crew of the Intensity Upgrade Study
9W021 Overview and Status of the Los Alamos PSR Injection Upgrade Project
D. H. Fitzgerald, H. Ahn, B. Blind, M. J. Borden, R. J. Macek, F. Neri, C. R. Rose, H. A. Thiessen, C. A. Wilkinson, M. V. Zumbro (Los Alamos Natio nal Laboratory)
9W022 at the Los Alamos Proton Storage Ring
C. Wilkinson, B. Blind, D.H. Fitzgerald, R. Macek, F. Neri, M. Plum, O. Sander, H.A. Thiessen (Los Alamos National Labo ratory)
9W023 Accumulator Ring H- Injection Optimization Studies
J.D. Galambos, J.A. Holmes, D.K. Olsen (ORNL)
9W024 A Possible Upgrade for ISIS
M.R. Harold, R.G. Bendall, T.A. Broome, I.S.K. Gardner, M.G. Glover, C.R. Prior, C.W. Planner, G.H. Rees (CLRC RAL)
9W025 Design of Booster Synchrotron for MUSES
T. Ohkawa (The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN), Japan), T. Katayama (INS, University of Tokyo)
9W026 Design of the Source Development Lab Bunch Compressor
W.S. Graves, I. Ben-Zvi, E.D. Johnson, S. Krinsky, J. Skaritka, M.H. Woodle, L.-H. Yu (Brookhaven National Laboratory), T.O. Raubenheimer (SLAC)
9W027 Electron Beam Dynamics for a Low--Energy Electron Linac.
A.F.J. Hammen, H.L. Hagedoorn, W.H.C. Theuws, J.I.M. Botman (Eindhoven University of Technology, Cyclotron Laboratory, P.O. Box 513, 5600MB Eindhoven, The Net herlands.)
An Experimental Study of KSRS Electron Linac
V. Ushkov, A. Kadnikov, Yu. Krylov, S. Kuznetsov, A. Valentinov, Yu. Yupinov (KSRS), V. Moiseev (SSSPI RRC KI)
9W029 Fabrication of Biperiodic DAW Cavity
Y. Iwashita, H. Ao, A. Noda, H. Okamoto, T. Shirai, M. Inoue (Accelerator Laboratory, NSRF, ICR, Kyoto University), T. Kawakita (Core Engineering Department, Nuclear Energy Syste ms Engineering Center, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.), M. Matsuoka (Electronic Systems amp; Space Systems Engineering Department, Kobe Shipyard amp; Machinery Works, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.), K. Koyama (Research and Development Department, N uclear Development Corporation)
9W030 Present status of the electron linac as the injector for KSR
Takashi Sugimura, Toshiyuki Shirai, Hiromu Tonguu, Yoshihisa Iwashita, Akira Noda, Makoto Inoue (NSRF, Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto Univ.)
9W031 Upgrading of the LNLS Injection System
Daniel Wisnivesky (Laboratorio Nacional de Luz Sincrotron. Campinas. Brazil. Also at Instituto de Fisica Gleb Wataghin. UNICAMP), F.da Silva Rafael, Osmar. R. Bagnato, Rogerio. A. Picoli, Antonio C. Lira, Angelo R. Silva, Claudio Pardine (LNLS. Campinas. Brazil)
9W032 Operation and Status of the ELETTRA Injector Linac
Gerardo D'Auria, Carlo Rossi (Sincrotrone Trieste, Italy)
A New OTR Based Diagnostic System for the Trieste Linac Injector of ELETTRA
Carlo Rossi, Gerardo D'Auria, Mario Ferianis (Sincrotrone Trieste, Italy), Alessandro Variola (LAL Orsay)
9W034 Backward Traveling Wave Accelerating Structure
Huaibi Chen (Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China)
9W035 A 14 MeV Single-Section SW Guide For Medical Accelerators
Qingxiu Jin (Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China)
9W036 A Portable X-band On-axis Standing Wave Linac Structrue
Xiang Sun (Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China)

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