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Title Operation of a Cryogenic Current Comparator with Nanoampere Resolution for Continuous Beam Intensity Measurements in the Antiproton Decelerator at CERN
  • M.F. Fernandes, D. Alves, T. Koettig, A. Lees, J. Tan
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • M.F. Fernandes, C.P. Welschpresenter
    The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
  • M. Schwickert, T. Stöhlker
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • T. Stöhlker
    IOQ, Jena, Germany
  • C.P. Welschpresenter
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
Abstract Low-intensity charged particle beams are particularly challenging for non-perturbative beam diagnostics due to the small amplitude of induced electromagnetic fields. The Antiproton Decelerator (AD) and Extra Low ENergy Antiproton (ELENA) rings at CERN decelerate beams containing 10⁷ antiprotons. An absolute intensity measurement of the circulating beam is essential to monitor the operational efficiency and to provide important calibration data for the antimatter experiments. This paper reviews the design of an operational Cryogenic Current Comparator (CCC) based on Superconducting QUantum Interference Device (SQUID) for current and intensity monitoring in the AD. Such a system has been operational throughout 2017, relying on a stand-alone cryogenic infrastructure based on a pulse-tube cryocooler. System performance is presented and correlated with different working environments, confirming a resolution in the nanoampere range.
Funding This project has received funding from the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme, under grant agreement number 289485.
Paper download THPML044.PDF [1.070 MB / 4 pages]
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Conference IPAC2018, Vancouver, BC, Canada
Series International Particle Accelerator Conference (9th)
Proceedings Link to full IPAC2018 Proccedings
Session MC3/6/7 Poster Session
Date 03-May-18   16:00–17:30
Main Classification 06 Beam Instrumentation, Controls, Feedback, and Operational Aspects
Sub Classification T03 Beam Diagnostics and Instrumentation
Keywords cryogenics, operation, proton, antiproton, injection
Publisher JACoW Publishing, Geneva, Switzerland
Editors Shane Koscielniak (TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC, Canada); Todd Satogata (JLab, Newport News, VA, USA); Volker RW Schaa (GSI, Darmstadt, Germany); Jana Thomson (TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC, Canada)
ISBN 978-3-95450-184-7
Published June 2018
Copyright © 2018 by JACoW, Geneva, Switzerland     CC-BY Creative Commons License
cc Creative Commons Attribution 3.0